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Polymers 2018, 10(8), 927; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10080927

Microbial Conversion of Vegetable Oil to Hydroxy Fatty Acid and Its Application to Bio-Based Polyurethane Synthesis

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea
2
School of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 41566, Korea
3
Renewable Product Technology Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, ARS, USDA, Peoria, IL 61604, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 July 2018 / Revised: 15 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 19 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Bioplastics)
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Abstract

New polyurethanes were synthesized based on dihydroxy fatty acid obtained by the microbial conversion of olive oil. Monounsaturated 7,10-dihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid (DOD) was produced from olive oil by Pseudomonas aeruginosa PR3 and reacted with hexamethylene diisocyanate (HMDI) at different ratios to form polyurethanes. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry confirmed the synthesis of DOD. The thermal and tensile properties of the polyurethanes were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and a universal testing machine. At an isocyanate/hydroxyl ratio of 1.4, the polyurethane exhibited an elongation at break of 59.2% and a high tensile strength of 37.9 MPa. DOD was also mixed with polycaprolactone diol or polyethylene glycol at different weight ratios and then reacted with HMDI to produce new polyurethanes of various properties. These polyurethanes displayed higher elongation at break and good thermal stability. This is the first report on the synthesis of polyurethanes based on DOD produced by the microbial conversion of vegetable oil. View Full-Text
Keywords: 7,10-dihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid; olive oil; polyol; polyurethane; Pseudomonas aeruginosa PR3 7,10-dihydroxy-8(E)-octadecenoic acid; olive oil; polyol; polyurethane; Pseudomonas aeruginosa PR3
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Tran, T.K.; Kumar, P.; Kim, H.-R.; Hou, C.T.; Kim, B.S. Microbial Conversion of Vegetable Oil to Hydroxy Fatty Acid and Its Application to Bio-Based Polyurethane Synthesis. Polymers 2018, 10, 927.

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