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Polymers 2018, 10(3), 281; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10030281

Multidimensional Nanocomposites of Epoxy Reinforced with 1D and 2D Carbon Nanostructures for Improve Fracture Resistance

1
Tecnológico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico de Ciudad Madero, División de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Centro de Investigación en Petroquímica, Pról. Bahía De Aldair y Ave. de las Bahías, Parque de la Pequeña y Mediana Industria, 89600 Altamira, Tamaulipas, Mexico
2
Tecnológico Nacional de México/Instituto Tecnológico de Querétaro, División de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigación, Av. Tecnológico s/n, esq. Gral. Mariano Escobedo, Col. Centro Histórico, 76000 Santiago de Querétaro, Querétaro, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2018 / Revised: 1 March 2018 / Accepted: 2 March 2018 / Published: 8 March 2018
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Abstract

A hybrid nanocomposites based on epoxy reinforced with a combination of 1D and 2D carbon nanomaterials for improving impact resistance are reported. Multi-walled carbon nanotubes and oxidized-multi-walled carbon nanotubes are used as 1D nanoreinforcements, and graphene derivative materials such as graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide are utilized as 2D nanoreinforcements. In this research, the impact resistance of epoxy matrix reinforced with 1D or 2D and the mixture of both nanomaterials is studied. The research is focused on evaluation of the influence of adding different combinations of nanomaterials into epoxy resin and their Izod impact response. Moreover, fracture surface of nanocomposites is observed by scanning electron microscopy. Images show differences between the surfaces of brittle nature on thermoset epoxy polymer and tough nanocomposites. Synergy created with 1D and 2D nanomaterials produces stable dispersions in the processing, reflected in the interface. The interactions in nanocomposites are evidenced by infrared spectra, principally on the peaks related to oxygenated functional groups present in nanomaterials and absent in polymer matrix. Consequently, an increase of 138% in fracture strength of nanocomposites is exhibited, in comparison to the neat epoxy matrix. In addition, hybrid nanocomposites were synthesized in two different methods to evaluate the influence of manufacturing method on final properties of nanocomposites. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanomaterials; graphene; carbon nanotubes; Izod fracture; multidimension composites carbon nanomaterials; graphene; carbon nanotubes; Izod fracture; multidimension composites
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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López-Barroso, J.; Martínez-Hernández, A.L.; Rivera-Armenta, J.L.; Velasco-Santos, C. Multidimensional Nanocomposites of Epoxy Reinforced with 1D and 2D Carbon Nanostructures for Improve Fracture Resistance. Polymers 2018, 10, 281.

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