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Polymers 2018, 10(2), 217; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10020217

Recent Developments in Graphene/Polymer Nanocomposites for Application in Polymer Solar Cells

1
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Physical Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Biology, Environmental Sciences and Chemistry, Alcalá University, 28871 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Signal Theory and Communication, Polytechnic High School, Alcalá University, 28871 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 January 2018 / Revised: 12 February 2018 / Accepted: 21 February 2018 / Published: 22 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanoparticle-Reinforced Polymers)
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Abstract

Graphene (G) and its derivatives, graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) have enormous potential for energy applications owing to their 2D structure, large specific surface area, high electrical and thermal conductivity, optical transparency, and huge mechanical strength combined with inherent flexibility. The combination of G-based materials with polymers leads to new nanocomposites with enhanced structural and functional properties due to synergistic effects. This review briefly summarizes recent progress in the development of G/polymer nanocomposites for use in polymer solar cells (PSCs). These nanocomposites have been explored as transparent conducting electrodes (TCEs), active layers (ALs) and interfacial layers (IFLs) of PSCs. Photovoltaic parameters, such as the open-circuit voltage (Voc), short-circuit current density (Jsc), fill factor (FF) and power-conversion efficiency (PCE) are compared for different device structures. Finally, future perspectives are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocomposite; conductive polymer; solar cell; graphene; graphene oxide; power-conversion efficiency; electrode; active layer; interfacial layer nanocomposite; conductive polymer; solar cell; graphene; graphene oxide; power-conversion efficiency; electrode; active layer; interfacial layer
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Díez-Pascual, A.M.; Luceño Sánchez, J.A.; Peña Capilla, R.; García Díaz, P. Recent Developments in Graphene/Polymer Nanocomposites for Application in Polymer Solar Cells. Polymers 2018, 10, 217.

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