Surface-Engineered Nanocontainers Based on Molecular Self-Assembly and Their Release of Methenamine
AbstractThe mixing of polymers and nanoparticles is opening pathways for engineering flexible composites that exhibit advantageous functional properties. To fabricate controllable assembling nanocomposites for efficiently encapsulating methenamine and releasing them on demand, we functionalized the surface of natural halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) selectively with polymerizable gemini surfactant which has peculiar aggregation behavior, aiming at endowing the nanomaterials with self-assembly and stimulative responsiveness characteristics. The micromorphology, grafted components and functional groups were identified using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The created nanocomposites presented various characteristics of methenamine release with differences in the surface composition. It is particularly worth mentioning that the controlled release was more efficient with the increase of geminized monomer proportion, which is reasonably attributed to the fact that the amphiphilic geminized moieties with positive charge and obvious hydrophobic interactions interact with the outer and inner surface in different ways through fabricating polymeric shell as release stoppers at nanotube ends and forming polymer brush into the nanotube lumen for guest immobilization. Meanwhile, the nanocomposites present temperature and salinity responsive characteristics for the release of methenamine. The combination of HNTs with conjugated functional polymers will open pathways for engineering flexible composites which are promising for application in controlled release fields. View Full-Text
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Zhang, M.; Wang, J.; Zhang, P.; Yan, H. Surface-Engineered Nanocontainers Based on Molecular Self-Assembly and Their Release of Methenamine. Polymers 2018, 10, 163.
Zhang M, Wang J, Zhang P, Yan H. Surface-Engineered Nanocontainers Based on Molecular Self-Assembly and Their Release of Methenamine. Polymers. 2018; 10(2):163.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Minghui; Wang, Jinben; Zhang, Pei; Yan, Haike. 2018. "Surface-Engineered Nanocontainers Based on Molecular Self-Assembly and Their Release of Methenamine." Polymers 10, no. 2: 163.