The Effect of Irradiation on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Selected Types of Polymers
AbstractThis article deals with the influence of electron-beam radiation on the micro-mechanical, thermo-mechanical, and structural properties of selected polymers. In the search for the desired improvement of polymers, it is possible to use, inter alia, one particular possible modification—Namely, crosslinking—Which is a process during which macromolecular chains start to connect to each other and, thus, create the spatial network in the structure. In the course of the treatment of the ionizing radiation, two actions can occur: crosslinking and scission of macromolecules, or degradation. Both these processes run in parallel. Using the crosslinking technology, standard and technical polymers can acquire the more “expensive” high-tech polymeric material properties and, thus, replace these materials in many applications. The polymers that were tested were selected from across the whole spectra of thermoplastics, ranging from commodity polymers, technical polymers, as well as high-performance polymers. These polymers were irradiated by different doses of beta radiation (33, 66, 99, 132, 165, and 198 kGy). The micro-mechanical and thermo-mechanical properties of these polymers were measured. When considering the results, it is obvious that irradiation acts on each polymer differently but, always when the optimal dose was found, the mechanical properties increased by up to 36%. The changes of micro-mechanical and thermo-mechanical properties were confirmed by structural measurement when the change of the micro-hardness and modulus corresponded to the crystalline phase change as determined by X-ray and gel content. View Full-Text
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Manas, D.; Ovsik, M.; Mizera, A.; Manas, M.; Hylova, L.; Bednarik, M.; Stanek, M. The Effect of Irradiation on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Selected Types of Polymers. Polymers 2018, 10, 158.
Manas D, Ovsik M, Mizera A, Manas M, Hylova L, Bednarik M, Stanek M. The Effect of Irradiation on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Selected Types of Polymers. Polymers. 2018; 10(2):158.Chicago/Turabian Style
Manas, David; Ovsik, Martin; Mizera, Ales; Manas, Miroslav; Hylova, Lenka; Bednarik, Martin; Stanek, Michal. 2018. "The Effect of Irradiation on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Selected Types of Polymers." Polymers 10, no. 2: 158.