The Dispersion of Pulp-Fiber in High-Density Polyethylene via Different Fabrication Processes
AbstractIn this study, a pulp beating machine was used to premix the pulp fibers with high density polyethylene (HDPE) particles in water. The wet or pre-dried pulp fiber/HDPE mixture was then melt-compounded by a twin screw extruder. For further improving the dispersion of pulp fiber, some mixture was forced to pass through the twin-screw extruder twice. The resulting mixture was compression molded to the composite. The fiber distribution was observed by the aid of an optic and scanning electron microscope. The mechanical and rheological properties and creep resistance of the composites were characterized. Test results demonstrate that when the wet pulp fiber/HDPE mixture was subjected to pre-pressing and oven drying prior to extrusion compounding, the resulting composites exhibited homogeneous fiber distribution, superior flexural property, creep-resistance, and high storage modulus. Particularly, its flexural strength and modulus were 57% and 222% higher, respectively, than that of the neat HDPE, while the composites prepared without pre-dried were 19% and 100% higher, respectively. Drying the wet mixture in advance is more effective than re-passing through the extruder for improving the fiber dispersion and composite performance. View Full-Text
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Yang, X.; Wang, G.; Miao, M.; Yue, J.; Hao, J.; Wang, W. The Dispersion of Pulp-Fiber in High-Density Polyethylene via Different Fabrication Processes. Polymers 2018, 10, 122.
Yang X, Wang G, Miao M, Yue J, Hao J, Wang W. The Dispersion of Pulp-Fiber in High-Density Polyethylene via Different Fabrication Processes. Polymers. 2018; 10(2):122.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Xiaohui; Wang, Guangzhao; Miao, Menghe; Yue, Jinquan; Hao, Jianxiu; Wang, Weihong. 2018. "The Dispersion of Pulp-Fiber in High-Density Polyethylene via Different Fabrication Processes." Polymers 10, no. 2: 122.
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