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Crystals 2018, 8(8), 315; https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst8080315

Analysis of Switching Current Data during Polarization Reversal in KTP Single Crystals with Surface Dielectric Layer

School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Ural Federal University, Ekaterinburg 620000, Russia
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Received: 27 June 2018 / Revised: 26 July 2018 / Accepted: 2 August 2018 / Published: 4 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue KTP Crystal for Nonlinear Optical and Electrooptic Applications)
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Abstract

Studies of polarization reversal processes in potassium titanyl phosphate (KTiOPO4, KTP) single crystals with surface dielectric layer are important due to their potential applications as the basis of bottom-up technology for creation of periodically poled nonlinear-optical crystals. We present the results of switching currents analysis accompanied by in situ visualization of domain kinetics during polarization reversal in KTP with 3 m-thick photoresist dielectric layer. Qualitative change of the switching current shape has been revealed as compared to the polarization reversal without surface dielectric layer. Two stages of domain structure evolution have been distinguished by in situ visualization of domain kinetics. The formation of submicron domain streamers in front of the moving domain walls has been revealed. The broadening of the domain streamers (1D domain growth) was observed at the second stage. The switching currents were approximated by the modified Kolmogorov-Avrami formula taking into account the change of the growth dimensionality (“geometrical catastrophe”). The sufficient input of the 1D growth to the switching process decreased with increase of the switching field. The obtained results were attributed to the domain wall shape instability induced by retardation of the depolarization field screening in ferroelectric with surface dielectric layer. View Full-Text
Keywords: potassium titanyl phosphate; switching current; polarization reversal; modified Kolmogorov-Avrami approach; geometrical catastrophe potassium titanyl phosphate; switching current; polarization reversal; modified Kolmogorov-Avrami approach; geometrical catastrophe
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Akhmatkhanov, A.; Vaskina, E.; Gachegova, E.; Shur, V. Analysis of Switching Current Data during Polarization Reversal in KTP Single Crystals with Surface Dielectric Layer. Crystals 2018, 8, 315.

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