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Crystals 2017, 7(7), 213; doi:10.3390/cryst7070213

Element Strategy Using Ru-Mn Substitution in CuO-CaCu3Ru4O12 Composite Ceramics with High Electrical Conductivity

1
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Shimo-Shidami, Moriyama-ku, Nagoya 463-8560, Japan
2
Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chuikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602, Japan
3
National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba 305-8565, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stevin Snellius Pramana
Received: 15 May 2017 / Revised: 29 June 2017 / Accepted: 8 July 2017 / Published: 10 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crystal Structure of Electroceramics)
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Abstract

CaCu3Ru4xMnxO12 bulks with various substitution amounts x and sintering additive CuO (20 vol.%) were prepared, and the influence of x on the electrical conductivity in a wide temperature range (8–900 K) was investigated. Microstructural observations showed an enhancement of bulk densification upon Mn substitution. Although the resistivity increased with increasing x, the resistivity was as low as a few mΩcm even in the sample with x = 2.00, where half of Ru is substituted by Mn. This high conductivity despite the loss of Ru 4d conduction following the substitution is explained by the A-site (Cu2+) conduction in CaCu3Ru4xMnxO12. The thermopower of CaCu3Ru4xMnxO12 was found to be influenced by the substitution, and a sign inversion was observed in the substituted samples at low temperature. The partial substitution of Ru by Mn in CaCu3Ru4O12 enables the reduction of the materials cost while maintaining good electrical conductivity for applications as a conducting device component. View Full-Text
Keywords: conducting oxide; composite; perovskite; substitution conducting oxide; composite; perovskite; substitution
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Tsuruta, A.; Mikami, M.; Kinemuchi, Y.; Terasaki, I.; Murayama, N.; Shin, W. Element Strategy Using Ru-Mn Substitution in CuO-CaCu3Ru4O12 Composite Ceramics with High Electrical Conductivity. Crystals 2017, 7, 213.

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