Interface Crystallization of Ceria in Porous Silica Films for Solar Applications
AbstractAntireflective (AR) coatings with photocatalytic activity for solar cover glasses are extensively investigated at present, mostly in multilayer systems including titania. In this study, bifunctional single coats from porous silica in combination with up to 33 mol % ceria were prepared by sol–gel dip-coating on low-iron soda-lime float glass. After heat treatment for one hour at 350 °C, the coated glasses were characterized. Solar transmittance decreased with increasing ceria content, whereas photocatalytic activity increases. Crystallization of cubic ceria was detected by grazing incidence X-ray diffraction. Chemical depth profiling by secondary neutral mass spectrometry revealed the enrichment of cerium at the coating surface as well as at the interface to the glass substrate. Self-assembled ceria crystallization at the interfaces resulted in a three-layered mesostructure of the coating, which was verified by field-emission scanning electron spectroscopy. Cubic ceria crystals at the interface act as a barrier for the sodium diffusion from the substrate, which prevents the poisoning of the photocatalyst, while those crystals at the surface act as an electron donor for photooxidation processes, both enabling adequate photocatalytic activity. The triple-layer architecture with the sequence of high/low/high refractive index materials allows for optical interference sustaining the AR-function. View Full-Text
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Helsch, G.; Deubener, J. Interface Crystallization of Ceria in Porous Silica Films for Solar Applications. Crystals 2017, 7, 80.
Helsch G, Deubener J. Interface Crystallization of Ceria in Porous Silica Films for Solar Applications. Crystals. 2017; 7(3):80.Chicago/Turabian Style
Helsch, Gundula; Deubener, Joachim. 2017. "Interface Crystallization of Ceria in Porous Silica Films for Solar Applications." Crystals 7, no. 3: 80.