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Crystals 2016, 6(1), 9; doi:10.3390/cryst6010009

Crystal Dislocations

Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Academic Editor: Helmut Cölfen
Received: 28 December 2015 / Accepted: 4 January 2016 / Published: 6 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crystal Dislocations)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [907 KB, uploaded 6 January 2016]   |  

Abstract

Crystal dislocations were invisible until the mid-20th century although their presence had been inferred; the atomic and molecular scale dimensions had prevented earlier discovery. Now they are normally known to be just about everywhere, for example, in the softest molecularly-bonded crystals as well as within the hardest covalently-bonded diamonds. The advent of advanced techniques of atomic-scale probing has facilitated modern observations of dislocations in every crystal structure-type, particularly by X-ray diffraction topography and transmission electron microscopy. The present Special Issue provides a flavor of their ubiquitous presences, their characterizations and, especially, their influence on mechanical and electrical properties. View Full-Text
Keywords: dislocations; crystals; polycrystals; nanopolycrystals; X-ray topography; transmission electron microscopy; optical microscopy; crystal growth; crystal strength properties; electrical properties dislocations; crystals; polycrystals; nanopolycrystals; X-ray topography; transmission electron microscopy; optical microscopy; crystal growth; crystal strength properties; electrical properties
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Armstrong, R.W. Crystal Dislocations. Crystals 2016, 6, 9.

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