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Intermetallics Synthesis in the Fe–Al System via Layer by Layer 3D Laser Cladding
Diagnostics and Imaging of Industrial Processes (DIPI) Laboratory, Ecole Nationale d'Ingenieurs de Saint Etienne (ENISE), Université de Lyon, 58 rue Jean Parot, Saint-Étienne Cedex 2, Saint-Étienne 42023, France
Lebedev Physical Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Samara branch, Novo-Sadovaja st. 221, Samara 443011, Russia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 May 2013; in revised form: 27 August 2013 / Accepted: 14 October 2013 / Published: 22 October 2013
Abstract: Intermetallide phase formation was studied in a powdered Fe–Al system under layer by layer laser cladding with the aim of fabricating the gradient of properties by means of changing the Fe–Al concentration ratio in the powder mixture from layer to layer. The relationships between the laser cladding parameters and the intermetallic phase structures in the consecutively cladded layers were determined. In order to study the structure formation an optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, measurement of microhardness, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy analysis were used after the laser synthesis of intermetallic compounds.
Keywords: 3D laser cladding; laser control intermetalic synthesis; functional graded structures (FGS); Fe–Al intermetallide
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Shishkovsky, I.; Missemer, F.; Kakovkina, N.; Smurov, I. Intermetallics Synthesis in the Fe–Al System via Layer by Layer 3D Laser Cladding. Crystals 2013, 3, 517-529.
Shishkovsky I, Missemer F, Kakovkina N, Smurov I. Intermetallics Synthesis in the Fe–Al System via Layer by Layer 3D Laser Cladding. Crystals. 2013; 3(4):517-529.
Shishkovsky, Igor; Missemer, Floran; Kakovkina, Nina; Smurov, Igor. 2013. "Intermetallics Synthesis in the Fe–Al System via Layer by Layer 3D Laser Cladding." Crystals 3, no. 4: 517-529.