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Inorganic Amino-Nitro-Guanidinium Derivatives
Energetic Materials Research, Department of Chemistry, University of Munich (LMU), Butenandtstrasse 5-13, Munich D-81377, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2012; in revised form: 6 June 2012 / Accepted: 7 June 2012 / Published: 18 June 2012
Abstract: 1-Amino-3-nitroguanidine (ANQ, 1) was synthesized by hydrazinolysis of nitroguanidine (NQ) with hydrazine hydrate. Four different amino-nitroguanidinium salts (chloride (2), bromide (3), iodide (4) and sulfate (5)) were synthesized and structurally characterized by low-temperature X-ray diffraction. The halides 2–4 could only be obtained crystalline as monohydrates. In addition, they were characterized by NMR and vibrational spectroscopy, elemental analysis and the sensitivities towards impact, friction and electrostatic discharge were determined. The compounds can be used in silver (AgX, X = Cl, Br, I) and barium (BaSO4) based metathesis reactions in order to form more complex salts of 1-amino-nitroguanidine.
Keywords: nitroguanidine; crystal structures; halides; sulfates
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MDPI and ACS Style
Fischer, N.; Klapötke, T.M.; Lux, K.; Martin, F.A.; Stierstorfer, J. Inorganic Amino-Nitro-Guanidinium Derivatives. Crystals 2012, 2, 675-689.
Fischer N, Klapötke TM, Lux K, Martin FA, Stierstorfer J. Inorganic Amino-Nitro-Guanidinium Derivatives. Crystals. 2012; 2(2):675-689.
Fischer, Niko; Klapötke, Thomas M.; Lux, Karin; Martin, Franz A.; Stierstorfer, Jörg. 2012. "Inorganic Amino-Nitro-Guanidinium Derivatives." Crystals 2, no. 2: 675-689.