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Crystals 2012, 2(2), 675-689; doi:10.3390/cryst2020675

Inorganic Amino-Nitro-Guanidinium Derivatives

Energetic Materials Research, Department of Chemistry, University of Munich (LMU), Butenandtstrasse 5-13, Munich D-81377, Germany
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Received: 2 May 2012 / Revised: 6 June 2012 / Accepted: 7 June 2012 / Published: 18 June 2012
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Abstract

1-Amino-3-nitroguanidine (ANQ, 1) was synthesized by hydrazinolysis of nitroguanidine (NQ) with hydrazine hydrate. Four different amino-nitroguanidinium salts (chloride (2), bromide (3), iodide (4) and sulfate (5)) were synthesized and structurally characterized by low-temperature X-ray diffraction. The halides 24 could only be obtained crystalline as monohydrates. In addition, they were characterized by NMR and vibrational spectroscopy, elemental analysis and the sensitivities towards impact, friction and electrostatic discharge were determined. The compounds can be used in silver (AgX, X = Cl, Br, I) and barium (BaSO4) based metathesis reactions in order to form more complex salts of 1-amino-nitroguanidine.
Keywords: nitroguanidine; crystal structures; halides; sulfates nitroguanidine; crystal structures; halides; sulfates
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fischer, N.; Klapötke, T.M.; Lux, K.; Martin, F.A.; Stierstorfer, J. Inorganic Amino-Nitro-Guanidinium Derivatives. Crystals 2012, 2, 675-689.

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