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Catalysts 2018, 8(1), 27; doi:10.3390/catal8010027

Inhibiting Fe–Al Spinel Formation on a Narrowed Mesopore-Sized MgAl2O4 Support as a Novel Catalyst for H2 Production in Chemical Looping Technology

Department of Chemical Engineering, Shiraz University, Shiraz 71345, Iran
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Received: 13 October 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 29 December 2017 / Published: 15 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nanomaterials for Environmental Purification and Energy Conversion)
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Abstract

In this paper, the structure of Al2O3 is modified with magnesium to synthesize MgAl2O4 as an oxygen carrier (OC) support. The surface properties and structural stability of the modified support are improved by the incorporation of magnesium in the structure of the support and additionally by narrowing the pore size distribution (about 2.3 nm). Then, iron oxide is impregnated on both an Al2O3 support and a MgAl2O4 support as the oxygen transfer active site. The XRD results showed the formation of solely Fe2O3 on the MgAl2O4 support, while both Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 are detected in the synthesized Fe2O3-Al2O3 structure. The synthesized samples are investigated in chemical looping cycles, including CO reduction (as one of the most important side reactions of chemical looping reforming), at different temperatures (300–500 °C) and oxidation with steam at 700 °C for hydrogen production. The obtained results showed the inhibition of Fe–Al spinel formation in the structure of the Fe2O3-MgAl2O4 OC. In addition, H2 with a purity higher than 98% is achievable in oxidation of the OC with steam. In addition, the activity and crystalline change of the Fe2O3-MgAl2O4 OC is investigated after 20 reduction-oxidation cycles. View Full-Text
Keywords: chemical looping; oxygen carrier; hydrogen production; narrow pore size distribution; Fe2O3 dispersion; texture modification chemical looping; oxygen carrier; hydrogen production; narrow pore size distribution; Fe2O3 dispersion; texture modification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Hafizi, A.; Rahimpour, M.R. Inhibiting Fe–Al Spinel Formation on a Narrowed Mesopore-Sized MgAl2O4 Support as a Novel Catalyst for H2 Production in Chemical Looping Technology. Catalysts 2018, 8, 27.

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