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Catalysts 2017, 7(2), 69; doi:10.3390/catal7020069

Effect of CO Concentration on the α-Value of Plasma-Synthesized Co/C Catalyst in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis

1
Department of Chemical & Biotechnological Engineering, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC J1K 2R1, Canada
2
Canadian Light Source Inc., Saskatoon, SK S7N 2 V3, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Leonarda F. Liotta
Received: 28 December 2016 / Revised: 9 February 2017 / Accepted: 13 February 2017 / Published: 21 February 2017
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Abstract

A plasma-synthesized cobalt catalyst supported on carbon (Co/C) was tested for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS) in a 3-phase continuously-stirred tank slurry reactor (3-φ-CSTSR) operated isothermally at 220 °C (493 K), and 2 MPa pressure. Initial syngas feed stream of H2:CO ratio = 2 with molar composition of 0.6 L/L (60 vol %) H2 and 0.3 L/L (30 vol %) CO, balanced in 0.1 L/L (10 vol %) Ar was used, flowing at hourly space velocity (GHSV) of 3600 cm3·h−1·g−1 of catalyst. Similarly, other syngas feed compositions of H2:CO ratio = 1.5 and 1.0 were used. Results showed ~40% CO conversion with early catalyst selectivity inclined towards formation of gasoline (C4–C12) and diesel (C13–C20) fractions. With prolonged time-on-stream (TOS), catalyst selectivity escalated towards the heavier molecular-weight fractions such as waxes (C21+). The catalyst’s α-value, which signifies the probability of the hydrocarbon chain growth was empirically determined to be in the range of 0.85–0.87 (at H2:CO ratio = 2), demonstrating prevalence of the hydrocarbon-chain propagation, with particular predisposition for wax production. The inhibiting CO effect towards FTS was noted at molar H2:CO ratio of 1.0 and 1.5, giving only ~10% and ~20% CO conversion respectively, although with a high α-value of 0.93 in both cases, which showed predominant production of the heavier molecular weight fractions. View Full-Text
Keywords: alpha-value; cobalt-catalyst; plasma-synthesis; carbon; Fischer-Tropsch alpha-value; cobalt-catalyst; plasma-synthesis; carbon; Fischer-Tropsch
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Aluha, J.; Hu, Y.; Abatzoglou, N. Effect of CO Concentration on the α-Value of Plasma-Synthesized Co/C Catalyst in Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis. Catalysts 2017, 7, 69.

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