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Catalysts 2017, 7(10), 294; doi:10.3390/catal7100294

Transformation of Sugar Maple Bark through Catalytic Organosolv Pulping

Centre de Recherche de sur les Matériaux Renouvelables, Département des Sciences du Bois et de la Forêt, Université Laval, Quebec, QC G1A 0A6, Canada
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Academic Editor: Manuel Ferrer
Received: 30 August 2017 / Revised: 25 September 2017 / Accepted: 26 September 2017 / Published: 30 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biocatalysis and Biotransformations)
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Abstract

The catalytic organosolv pulping of sugar maple bark was performed adopting the concept of forest biorefinery in order to transform bark into several valuable products. Our organosolv process, consisting of pre-extracting the lignocellulosic material followed by pulping with ferric chloride as a catalyst, was applied to sugar maple bark. The pre-extraction step has yielded a mixture of phenolic extractives, applicable as antioxidants. The organosolv pulping of extractives-free sugar maple bark yielded a solid cellulosic pulp (42.3%) and a black liquor containing solubilized bark lignin (24.1%) and products of sugars transformation (22.9% of hemicelluloses), mainly represented by furfural (0.35%) and 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (HMF, 0.74%). The bark cellulosic pulp was determined to be mainly constituted of glucose, with a high residual lignin content, probably related to the protein content of the original bark (containing cambium tissue). The biorefinery approach to the transformation of a solid bark residue into valuable biopolymers (lignin and cellulose) along with phenolic antioxidants from pre-extraction and the HMF derivatives from black liquor (applicable for 2,5-diformylfuran production) is an example of a catalytic process reposing on sustainable engineering and green chemistry concepts. View Full-Text
Keywords: sugar maple bark; catalytic organosolv pulping; cellulosic pulp; organosolv lignin; phenolic extractives; furan derivatives sugar maple bark; catalytic organosolv pulping; cellulosic pulp; organosolv lignin; phenolic extractives; furan derivatives
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Koumba-Yoya, G.; Stevanovic, T. Transformation of Sugar Maple Bark through Catalytic Organosolv Pulping. Catalysts 2017, 7, 294.

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