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Catalysts 2013, 3(2), 455-485; doi:10.3390/catal3020455

Specific Facets-Dominated Anatase TiO2: Fluorine-Mediated Synthesis and Photoactivity

Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Via Golgi 19, I-20133 Milano, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 March 2013 / Revised: 22 April 2013 / Accepted: 6 May 2013 / Published: 16 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photocatalysts)


Semiconductors crystal facet engineering has become an important strategy for properly tuning and optimizing both the physicochemical properties and the reactivity of photocatalysts. In this review, a concise survey of recent results obtained in the field of specific surface-oriented anatase TiO2 crystals preparation is presented. The attention is mainly focused on the fluorine-mediated hydrothermal and/or solvothermal processes employed for the synthesis and the assembly of anatase micro/nanostructures with dominant {001} facets. Their peculiar photocatalytic properties and potential applications are also presented, with a particular focus on photocatalysis-based environmental clean up and solar energy conversion applications. Finally, the most promising results obtained in the engineering of TiO2 anatase crystal facets obtained by employing alternative, possibly more environmentally friendly methods are critically compared.
Keywords: anatase crystal facets; fluorine-mediated synthesis; photocatalytic activity anatase crystal facets; fluorine-mediated synthesis; photocatalytic activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Dozzi, M.V.; Selli, E. Specific Facets-Dominated Anatase TiO2: Fluorine-Mediated Synthesis and Photoactivity. Catalysts 2013, 3, 455-485.

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