Next Article in Journal
Hydrogenation of Anthracene in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Solvent Using Ni Supported on Hβ-Zeolite Catalyst
Previous Article in Journal
Hydrogen Evolution from Napiergrass by the Combination of Biological Treatment and a Pt-Loaded TiO2-Photocatalytic Reaction
Catalysts 2012, 2(1), 68-84; doi:10.3390/catal2010068
Article

One-Pot Liquid-Phase Catalytic Conversion of Ethanol to 1-Butanol over Aluminium Oxide—The Effect of the Active Metal on the Selectivity

1,* , 1,2
,
1
,
3
,
3
,
4
,
4
,
1
,
1
 and
1,5
Received: 21 September 2011 / Revised: 24 November 2011 / Accepted: 4 January 2012 / Published: 13 January 2012
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1507 KB, uploaded 13 January 2012]   |   Browse Figures

Abstract

Direct catalytic valorization of bioethanol to 1-butanol over different alumina supported catalysts was studied. Thirteen (13) heterogeneous catalysts were screened in search for the optimal material composition for direct one-pot conversion of ethanol to 1-butanol. For the most promising catalyst, a 25% ethanol conversion with 80% selectivity (among liquid carbon products) to 1-butanol could be reached at 250 °C. Additionally, the reaction kinetics and mechanisms were further investigated upon use of the most suitable catalyst candidate.
Keywords: heterogeneous catalyst; one-pot; bioethanol; 1-butanol; alumina heterogeneous catalyst; one-pot; bioethanol; 1-butanol; alumina
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Riittonen, T.; Toukoniitty, E.; Madnani, D.K.; Leino, A.-R.; Kordas, K.; Szabo, M.; Sapi, A.; Arve, K.; Wärnå, J.; Mikkola, J.-P. One-Pot Liquid-Phase Catalytic Conversion of Ethanol to 1-Butanol over Aluminium Oxide—The Effect of the Active Metal on the Selectivity. Catalysts 2012, 2, 68-84.

View more citation formats

Article Metrics

Comments

Citing Articles

[Return to top]
Catalysts EISSN 2073-4344 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert