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Catalysts 2012, 2(1), 68-84; doi:10.3390/catal2010068
Article

One-Pot Liquid-Phase Catalytic Conversion of Ethanol to 1-Butanol over Aluminium Oxide—The Effect of the Active Metal on the Selectivity

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Received: 21 September 2011; in revised form: 24 November 2011 / Accepted: 4 January 2012 / Published: 13 January 2012
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Abstract: Direct catalytic valorization of bioethanol to 1-butanol over different alumina supported catalysts was studied. Thirteen (13) heterogeneous catalysts were screened in search for the optimal material composition for direct one-pot conversion of ethanol to 1-butanol. For the most promising catalyst, a 25% ethanol conversion with 80% selectivity (among liquid carbon products) to 1-butanol could be reached at 250 °C. Additionally, the reaction kinetics and mechanisms were further investigated upon use of the most suitable catalyst candidate.
Keywords: heterogeneous catalyst; one-pot; bioethanol; 1-butanol; alumina heterogeneous catalyst; one-pot; bioethanol; 1-butanol; alumina
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Riittonen, T.; Toukoniitty, E.; Madnani, D.K.; Leino, A.-R.; Kordas, K.; Szabo, M.; Sapi, A.; Arve, K.; Wärnå, J.; Mikkola, J.-P. One-Pot Liquid-Phase Catalytic Conversion of Ethanol to 1-Butanol over Aluminium Oxide—The Effect of the Active Metal on the Selectivity. Catalysts 2012, 2, 68-84.

AMA Style

Riittonen T, Toukoniitty E, Madnani DK, Leino A-R, Kordas K, Szabo M, Sapi A, Arve K, Wärnå J, Mikkola J-P. One-Pot Liquid-Phase Catalytic Conversion of Ethanol to 1-Butanol over Aluminium Oxide—The Effect of the Active Metal on the Selectivity. Catalysts. 2012; 2(1):68-84.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Riittonen, Toni; Toukoniitty, Esa; Madnani, Dipak Kumar; Leino, Anne-Riikka; Kordas, Krisztian; Szabo, Maria; Sapi, Andras; Arve, Kalle; Wärnå, Johan; Mikkola, Jyri-Pekka. 2012. "One-Pot Liquid-Phase Catalytic Conversion of Ethanol to 1-Butanol over Aluminium Oxide—The Effect of the Active Metal on the Selectivity." Catalysts 2, no. 1: 68-84.


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