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Games 2015, 6(4), 473-494; doi:10.3390/g6040473

Reciprocity in Labor Market Relationships: Evidence from an Experiment across High-Income OECD Countries

1
Department of Economics, University of Heidelberg, Berheimerstr. 20, Heidelberg 69115, Germany
2
Department of Economics, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, Malaysia
3
Department of Economics, University of Kiel, Olshausenstr. 40, 24118 Kiel, Germany
4
Department of Economics, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA 93407, USA
5
Department of Economics, University Jaume I, Castellón 12071, Spain
6
Department of Economics, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto 6038555, Japan
7
Department of Economics, The Max Stern Yezreel Valley College, 19300 Emek Yezreel, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ananish Chaudhuri
Received: 20 July 2015 / Revised: 18 September 2015 / Accepted: 28 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Experimental Studies of Social Dilemma Games)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [334 KB, uploaded 14 October 2015]   |  

Abstract

We study differences in behavior across countries in a labor market context. To this end, we conducted a bilateral gift-exchange experiment comparing the behavior of subjects from five high-income OECD countries: Germany, Spain, Israel, Japan and the USA. We observe that in all countries, effort levels are increasing while rejection rates are decreasing in wage offers. However, we also find considerable differences in behavior across countries in both one-shot and repeated relationships, the most striking between Germany and Spain. We also discuss the influence of socio-economic indicators and the implications of our findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: gift exchange; reciprocity; cross-country; economic experiment; labor market gift exchange; reciprocity; cross-country; economic experiment; labor market
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Waichman, I.; Siang, C.K.; Requate, T.; Shafran, A.P.; Camacho-Cuena, E.; Iida, Y.; Shahrabani, S. Reciprocity in Labor Market Relationships: Evidence from an Experiment across High-Income OECD Countries. Games 2015, 6, 473-494.

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