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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(9), 908; doi:10.3390/rs9090908

Improving Satellite-Driven PM2.5 Models with VIIRS Nighttime Light Data in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China

Institute of Urban Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100089, China
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Received: 11 August 2017 / Revised: 28 August 2017 / Accepted: 30 August 2017 / Published: 31 August 2017
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Abstract

Previous studies have estimated ground-level concentrations of particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) using satellite-derived aerosol optical depth (AOD) in conjunction with meteorological and land use variables. However, the impacts of urbanization on air pollution for predicting PM2.5 are seldom considered. Nighttime light (NTL) data, acquired with the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) aboard the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) satellite, could be useful for predictions because they have been shown to be good indicators of the urbanization and human activity that can affect PM2.5 concentrations. This study investigated the potential of incorporating VIIRS NTL data in statistical models for PM2.5 concentration predictions. We developed a mixed-effects model to derive daily estimations of surface PM2.5 levels in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei region using 3 km resolution satellite AOD and VIIRS NTL data. The results showed the addition of NTL information could improve the performance of the PM2.5 prediction model. The NTL data revealed additional details for predication results in areas with low PM2.5 concentrations and greater apparent seasonal variation due to the seasonal variability of human activity. Comparison showed prediction accuracy was improved more substantially for the model using NTL directly than for the model using the vegetation-adjusted NTL urban index that included NTL. Our findings indicate that VIIRS NTL data have potential for predicting PM2.5 and that they could constitute a useful supplemental data source for estimating ground-level PM2.5 distributions. View Full-Text
Keywords: AOD; PM2.5; linear mixed effect (LME) model; VIIRS nighttime light; Vegetation-Adjusted NTL Urban Index (VANUI) AOD; PM2.5; linear mixed effect (LME) model; VIIRS nighttime light; Vegetation-Adjusted NTL Urban Index (VANUI)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Hu, H. Improving Satellite-Driven PM2.5 Models with VIIRS Nighttime Light Data in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei Region, China. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 908.

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