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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(6), 618; doi:10.3390/rs9060618

Convolutional Neural Networks Based Hyperspectral Image Classification Method with Adaptive Kernels

Shaanxi Key Lab of Speech & Image Information Processing (SAIIP), School of Computer Science and Engineering, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710129, China
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Academic Editors: Qi Wang, Nicolas H. Younan, Carlos López-Martínez and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 10 May 2017 / Revised: 6 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 June 2017 / Published: 16 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Learning to Understand Remote Sensing Images)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1980 KB, uploaded 16 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

Hyperspectral image (HSI) classification aims at assigning each pixel a pre-defined class label, which underpins lots of vision related applications, such as remote sensing, mineral exploration and ground object identification, etc. Lots of classification methods thus have been proposed for better hyperspectral imagery interpretation. Witnessing the success of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in the traditional images based classification tasks, plenty of efforts have been made to leverage CNNs to improve HSI classification. An advanced CNNs architecture uses the kernels generated from the clustering method, such as a K-means network uses K-means to generate the kernels. However, the above methods are often obtained heuristically (e.g., the number of kernels should be assigned manually), and how to data-adaptively determine the number of convolutional kernels (i.e., filters), and thus generate the kernels that better represent the data, are seldom studied in existing CNNs based HSI classification methods. In this study, we propose a new CNNs based HSI classification method where the convolutional kernels can be automatically learned from the data through clustering without knowing the cluster number. With those data-adaptive kernels, the proposed CNNs method achieves better classification results. Experimental results from the datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyperspectral image classification; automatic cluster number determination; adaptive convolutional kernels hyperspectral image classification; automatic cluster number determination; adaptive convolutional kernels
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ding, C.; Li, Y.; Xia, Y.; Wei, W.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, Y. Convolutional Neural Networks Based Hyperspectral Image Classification Method with Adaptive Kernels. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 618.

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