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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(5), 490; doi:10.3390/rs9050490

Exploiting the Redundancy of Multiple Overlapping Aerial Images for Dense Image Matching Based Digital Surface Model Generation

1
Department of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Systems, Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Warsaw University of Technology, Pl. Politechniki 1, Warsaw 00-661, Poland
2
OPEGIEKA Sp. Z o. o., Al. Tysiąclecia 11, Elbląg 82-300, Poland
Academic Editors: George P. Petropoulos and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 28 February 2017 / Revised: 1 May 2017 / Accepted: 9 May 2017 / Published: 17 May 2017

Abstract

In recent years, significant development in the domain of dense image matching (DIM) can be observed. Meanwhile, in most countries, aerial images are acquired countrywide on a regular basis with decreasing time intervals and increasing image overlaps. Therefore, aerial images represent a growing potential for digital surface model (DSM) acquisition and updating. Surface reconstruction by image matching, in most cases, requires dealing with the redundancy caused by multiple overlapping images. Many approaches considering this redundancy in the surface reconstruction process have been developed. However, there is no commonly accepted procedure for this task. From the experience of the author, it can be stated that currently applied methods show some limitations regarding DSM generation from aerial images. Therefore, it is claimed that there is room for the development of new algorithms for integration of dense image matching results from multiple stereo pairs. Methods dedicated to aerial image based DSM generation that would exploit the specificity of this task are desirable. In this paper, an approach to compute the DSM elevations from redundant elevation hypotheses derived by pairwise dense image matching is presented. The proposed approach takes into account the base-to-height (b/h) ratio of stereo pairs, the distribution of elevation hypotheses from multiple stereo pairs and the neighboring elevations. An algorithm of selection of the elevation hypotheses used for the calculation of the final DSM elevation for each grid cell was developed. The algorithm was used to generate the DSM based on two sets of aerial images having significantly different acquisition parameters. The results were compared to the models obtained from several commonly used software packages for image based DSM generation. The quality assessment was carried out by visual inspection of terrain profiles and shaded surface display as well as by the planarity control of flat parts of the terrain. The assessment of the results showed that the application of the proposed algorithm can bring some advantages and it can contribute to improving the quality of the DSM. View Full-Text
Keywords: digital surface model; dense image matching; aerial imagery; redundancy digital surface model; dense image matching; aerial imagery; redundancy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Dominik, W.A. Exploiting the Redundancy of Multiple Overlapping Aerial Images for Dense Image Matching Based Digital Surface Model Generation. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 490.

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