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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(5), 477; doi:10.3390/rs9050477

Estimation and Analysis of Spatiotemporal Dynamics of the Net Primary Productivity Integrating Efficiency Model with Process Model in Karst Area

1
Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
College of Geographical Science, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rasmus Fensholt, Jose Moreno and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 23 March 2017 / Revised: 30 April 2017 / Accepted: 10 May 2017 / Published: 14 May 2017
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Abstract

Estimates of regional net primary productivity (NPP) are useful in modeling regional and global carbon cycles, especially in karst areas. This work developed a new method to study NPP characteristics and changes in Chongqing, a typical karst area. To estimate NPP accurately, the model which integrated an ecosystem process model (CEVSA) with a light use efficiency model (GLOPEM) called GLOPEM-CEVSA was applied. The fraction of photosynthetically active radiation (fPAR) was derived from remote sensing data inversion based on moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer atmospheric and land products. Validation analyses showed that the PAR and NPP values, which were simulated by the model, matched the observed data well. The values of other relevant NPP models, as well as the MOD17A3 NPP products (NPP MOD17), were compared. In terms of spatial distribution, NPP decreased from northeast to southwest in the Chongqing region. The annual average NPP in the study area was approximately 534 gC/m2a (Std. = 175.53) from 2001 to 2011, with obvious seasonal variation characteristics. The NPP from April to October accounted for 80.1% of the annual NPP, while that from June to August accounted for 43.2%. NPP changed with the fraction of absorbed PAR, and NPP was also significantly correlated to precipitation and temperature at monthly temporal scales, and showed stronger sensitivity to interannual variation in temperature. View Full-Text
Keywords: net primary productivity (NPP); MODIS; GLOPEM-CEVSA; FPAR; karst area net primary productivity (NPP); MODIS; GLOPEM-CEVSA; FPAR; karst area
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, R.; Zhou, Y.; Luo, H.; Wang, F.; Wang, S. Estimation and Analysis of Spatiotemporal Dynamics of the Net Primary Productivity Integrating Efficiency Model with Process Model in Karst Area. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 477.

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