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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(4), 351;

High and Medium Resolution Satellite Imagery to Evaluate Late Holocene Human–Environment Interactions in Arid Lands: A Case Study from the Central Sahara

CaSEs, Departament d’Humanitats, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, C/ Ramon Trias Fargas 25–27, 08005 Barcelona, Spain
School of Geography, Archaeology and Environmental Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa
Institut de Ciencies de la Terra “Jaume Almera” (CSIC), C/Lluís Solé i Sabarís, s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
CaSEs, Institució Milà i Fontanals, Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), C/Egipciaques 15, 08001 Barcelona, Spain
Laboratoire Méditerranéen de Préhistoire Europe Afrique LAMPEA (UMR 7269) MMSH, BP 647, 5 rue du Château de l’Horloge, 13094 Aix-en-Provence, France
Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3DZ, UK
ICREA Research Professor in Environmental Archaeology, Passeig Lluís Companys 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rosa Lasaponara, Xiaofeng Li and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 23 November 2016 / Revised: 23 March 2017 / Accepted: 30 March 2017 / Published: 6 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing for Cultural Heritage)
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We present preliminary results of an Earth observation approach for the study of past human occupation and landscape reconstruction in the Central Sahara. This region includes a variety of geomorphological features such as palaeo-oases, dried river beds, alluvial fans and upland plateaux whose geomorphological characteristics, in combination with climate changes, have influenced patterns of human dispersal and sociocultural activities during the late Holocene. In this paper, we discuss the use of medium- and high-resolution remotely sensed data for the mapping of anthropogenic features and paleo- and contemporary hydrology and vegetation. In the absence of field inspection in this inaccessible region, we use different remote sensing methods to first identify and classify archaeological features, and then explore the geomorphological factors that might have influenced their spatial distribution. View Full-Text
Keywords: Sahara; Late Holocene; Earth Observation; GIS; high-resolution imagery Sahara; Late Holocene; Earth Observation; GIS; high-resolution imagery

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Biagetti, S.; Merlo, S.; Adam, E.; Lobo, A.; Conesa, F.C.; Knight, J.; Bekrani, H.; Crema, E.R.; Alcaina-Mateos, J.; Madella, M. High and Medium Resolution Satellite Imagery to Evaluate Late Holocene Human–Environment Interactions in Arid Lands: A Case Study from the Central Sahara. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 351.

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