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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(2), 127;

Soybean Disease Monitoring with Leaf Reflectance

Department of Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58108, USA
Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Mason Surveying & Consulting, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jose Moreno and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 5 December 2016 / Revised: 19 January 2017 / Accepted: 26 January 2017 / Published: 4 February 2017
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Crop disease detection with remote sensing is a challenging area that can have significant economic and environmental impact on crop disease management. Spectroscopic remote sensing in the visible and near-infrared (NIR) region has the potential to detect crop changes due to diseases. Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) and sudden death syndrome (SDS) are two common soybean diseases that are extremely difficult to detect in the early stages under mild to moderate infestation levels. The objective of this research study was to relate leaf reflectance to disease conditions and to identify wavebands that best discriminated these crop diseases. A microplot experiment was conducted. Data collected included 800 leaf spectra, corresponding leaf chlorophyll content and disease rating of four soybean cultivars grown under different disease conditions. Disease conditions were created by introducing four disease treatments of control (no disease), SCN, SDS, and SCN+SDS. Crop data were collected on a weekly basis over a 10-week period, starting from 71 days after planting (DAP). The correlation between disease rating and selected vegetation indices (VI) were evaluated. Wavebands with the most disease discrimination capability were identified with stepwise linear discriminant analysis (LDA), logistic discriminant analysis (LgDA) and linear correlation analysis of pooled data. The identified band combinations were used to develop a classification function to identify plant disease condition. The best correlation (>0.8) between disease rating and VI occurred during 112 DAP. Both LDA and LgDA identified several bands in the NIR, red, green and blue regions as critical for disease discrimination. The discriminant models were able to detect over 80% of the healthy plants accurately under cross-validation but showed poor accuracy in discriminating individual diseases. A two-class discriminant model was able to identify 97% of the healthy plants and 58% of the infested plants as having some disease from the plant spectra. View Full-Text
Keywords: soybean disease; soybean cyst nematode; sudden death syndrome; leaf reflectance, discriminant analysis soybean disease; soybean cyst nematode; sudden death syndrome; leaf reflectance, discriminant analysis

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Bajwa, S.G.; Rupe, J.C.; Mason, J. Soybean Disease Monitoring with Leaf Reflectance. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 127.

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