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Remote Sens. 2017, 9(1), 78; doi:10.3390/rs9010078

Automated Extraction of Inundated Areas from Multi-Temporal Dual-Polarization RADARSAT-2 Images of the 2011 Central Thailand Flood

1
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency, Bangkok 10210, Thailand
2
Department of Urban Environment Systems, Chiba University, Chiba 263-8522, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: George Petropoulos, Zhong Lu Xiaofeng Li and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 24 October 2016 / Revised: 8 December 2016 / Accepted: 10 January 2017 / Published: 15 January 2017
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Abstract

This study examines a novel extraction method for SAR imagery data of widespread flooding, particularly in the Chao Phraya river basin of central Thailand, where flooding occurs almost every year. Because the 2011 flood was among the largest events and of a long duration, a large number of satellites observed it, and imagery data are available. At that time, RADARSAT-2 data were mainly used to extract the affected areas by the Thai government, whereas ThaiChote-1 imagery data were also used as optical supporting data. In this study, the same data were also employed in a somewhat different and more detailed manner. Multi-temporal dual-polarized RADARSAT-2 images were used to classify water areas using a clustering-based thresholding technique, neighboring valley-emphasis, to establish an automated extraction system. The novel technique has been proposed to improve classification speed and efficiency. This technique selects specific water references throughout the study area to estimate local threshold values and then averages them by an area weight to obtain the threshold value for the entire area. The extracted results were validated using high-resolution optical images from the GeoEye-1 and ThaiChote-1 satellites and water elevation data from gaging stations. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2011 Thailand flood; dual-polarization; RADARSAT-2; ThaiChote-1; inundation 2011 Thailand flood; dual-polarization; RADARSAT-2; ThaiChote-1; inundation
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Nakmuenwai, P.; Yamazaki, F.; Liu, W. Automated Extraction of Inundated Areas from Multi-Temporal Dual-Polarization RADARSAT-2 Images of the 2011 Central Thailand Flood. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 78.

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