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Addendum published on 16 February 2017, see Remote Sens. 2017, 9(2), 157.

Open AccessArticle
Remote Sens. 2017, 9(1), 63; doi:10.3390/rs9010063

Evaluation of Methods for Aerodynamic Roughness Length Retrieval from Very High-Resolution Imaging LIDAR Observations over the Heihe Basin in China

1
ICube Laboratory, UMR 7357 CNRS-University of Strasbourg, F-67412 Illkirch Cedex, France
2
Department of Geoscience and Remote Sensing (GRS), Delft University of Technology, 2628 CN Delft, The Netherlands
3
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zhaoliang Li, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 30 June 2016 / Revised: 21 December 2016 / Accepted: 31 December 2016 / Published: 12 January 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3336 KB, uploaded 28 February 2017]   |  

Abstract

The parameterization of heat transfer based on remote sensing data, and the Surface Energy Balance System (SEBS) scheme to retrieve turbulent heat fluxes, already proved to be very appropriate for estimating evapotranspiration (ET) over homogeneous land surfaces. However, the use of such a method over heterogeneous landscapes (e.g., semi-arid regions or agricultural land) becomes more difficult, since the principle of similarity theory is compromised by the presence of different heat sources at various heights. This study aims to propose and evaluate some models based on vegetation geometry partly developed by Colin and Faivre, to retrieve the surface aerodynamic roughness length for momentum transfer ( z 0 m ), which is a key parameter in the characterization of heat transfer. A new approach proposed by the authors consisted in the use of a Digital Surface Model (DSM) as boundary condition for experiments with a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to reproduce 3D wind fields, and to invert them to retrieve a spatialized roughness parameter. Colin and Faivre also applied the geometrical Raupach’s approach for the same purpose. These two methods were evaluated against two empirical ones, widely used in Surface Energy Balance Index (SEBI) based algorithms (Moran; Brutsaert), and also against an alternate geometrical model proposed by Menenti and Ritchie. The investigation was carried out in the Yingke oasis (China) using very-high resolution remote sensing data (VNIR, TIR & LIDAR), for a precise description of the land surface, and a fine evaluation of estimated heat fluxes based on in-situ measurements. A set of five numerical experiments was carried out to evaluate each roughness model. It appears that methods used in experiments 2 (based on Brutsaert) and 4 (based on Colin and Faivre) are the most accurate to estimate the aerodynamic roughness length, according to the estimated heat fluxes. However, the formulation used in experiment 2 allows to minimize errors in both latent and sensible heat flux, and to preserve a good partitioning. An additional evaluation of these two methods based on another k B 1 parameterization could be necessary, given that the latter is not always compatible with the CFD-based retrieval method. View Full-Text
Keywords: optical remote sensing; Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR); heterogeneous land surfaces; surface energy balance; evapotranspiration; heat transfer; roughness length optical remote sensing; Light Detection And Ranging (LIDAR); heterogeneous land surfaces; surface energy balance; evapotranspiration; heat transfer; roughness length
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Faivre, R.; Colin, J.; Menenti, M. Evaluation of Methods for Aerodynamic Roughness Length Retrieval from Very High-Resolution Imaging LIDAR Observations over the Heihe Basin in China. Remote Sens. 2017, 9, 63.

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