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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(9), 744; doi:10.3390/rs8090744

Statistical and Spectral Features of Corrugated Seafloor Shaped by the Hans Glacier in Svalbard

1
Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdansk, al. Marszalka Pilsudskiego 46, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland
2
Institute of Geography and Regional Development, University of Wroclaw, pl. Uniwersytecki 1, 50-137 Wroclaw, Poland
3
Maritime Institute in Gdansk, Długi Targ 41/42, 80-830 Gdańsk, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dar Roberts, Richard Gloaguen and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 11 March 2016 / Revised: 29 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 September 2016 / Published: 10 September 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [30727 KB, uploaded 10 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

High-resolution images of the seabed obtained with the use of hydroacoustic measurements allow a detailed identification of inaccessible seabed areas such as the Hans Glacier foreland in the Hornsund Fjord on Spitsbergen. Analyses presented in the paper were carried out on a Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the bay’s seafloor exposed in the process of deglaciation, obtained from bathymetric data recorded by a multibeam echosounder. The main objective of this study was to show the relevance of the autocorrelation length parameter used to describe the roughness of the bottom surface based on the example of seafloor postglacial forms in the Hans Glacier foreland. The resulting parameter reflects the scale of the terrain roughness, which varies between geomorphologic forms. Maps of the autocorrelation length were derived from successive tiles of the data, overlapping by 90%. Based on this, the two-dimensional Fourier transform (2D FFT) was successively conducted, and the power spectral density and autocorrelation were calculated following the Wiener–Khinchin theorem. The thus obtained parameter describes the scale of the glacial bay seafloor roughness, which was assigned to the geomorphological features observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: DEM; seafloor; glacial morphology; terrain analysis; rough surface; spectral and statistical properties; multibeam echosounder DEM; seafloor; glacial morphology; terrain analysis; rough surface; spectral and statistical properties; multibeam echosounder
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tegowski, J.; Trzcinska, K.; Kasprzak, M.; Nowak, J. Statistical and Spectral Features of Corrugated Seafloor Shaped by the Hans Glacier in Svalbard. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 744.

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