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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(9), 717;

Precise Measurement of Stem Diameter by Simulating the Path of Diameter Tape from Terrestrial Laser Scanning Data

Institute of Forest Resources Information Techniques, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091, China
College of Computer and Information Technology, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, China
College of Mathematics and Information Science, Xinyang Normal University, Xinyang 464000, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Qi Chen, Guangxing Wang, Erkki Tomppo, Dengsheng Lu and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 27 May 2016 / Revised: 18 August 2016 / Accepted: 26 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Digital Forest Resource Monitoring and Uncertainty Analysis)
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Accurate measurement of stem diameter is essential to forest inventory. As a millimeter-level measuring tool, terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) has not yet reached millimeter-level accuracy in stem diameter measurements. The objective of this study is to develop an accurate method for deriving the stem diameter from TLS data. The methodology of stem diameter measurement by diameter tape was adopted. The stem cross-section at a given height along the stem was determined. Stem points for stem diameter retrieval were extracted according to the stem cross-section. Convex hull points of the extracted stem points were calculated in a projection plane. Then, a closed smooth curve was interpolated onto the convex hull points to simulate the path of the diameter tape, and stem diameter was calculated based on the length of the simulated path. The stems of different tree species with different properties were selected to verify the presented method. Compared with the field-measured diameter, the RMSE of the method was 0.0909 cm, which satisfies the accuracy requirement for forest inventory. This study provided a method for determining the stem cross-section and an efficient and precise curve fitting method for deriving stem diameter from TLS data. The importance of the stem cross-section and convex hull points in stem diameter retrieval was demonstrated. View Full-Text
Keywords: stem diameter; TLS; point cloud; curve fitting; B-spline stem diameter; TLS; point cloud; curve fitting; B-spline

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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You, L.; Tang, S.; Song, X.; Lei, Y.; Zang, H.; Lou, M.; Zhuang, C. Precise Measurement of Stem Diameter by Simulating the Path of Diameter Tape from Terrestrial Laser Scanning Data. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 717.

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