Ocean Wave Parameters Retrieval from Sentinel-1 SAR Imagery
AbstractIn this paper, a semi-empirical algorithm for significant wave height (Hs) and mean wave period (Tmw) retrieval from C-band VV-polarization Sentinel-1 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery is presented. We develop a semi-empirical function for Hs retrieval, which describes the relation between Hs and cutoff wavelength, radar incidence angle, and wave propagation direction relative to radar look direction. Additionally, Tmw can be also calculated through Hs and cutoff wavelength by using another empirical function. We collected 106 C-band stripmap mode Sentinel-1 SAR images in VV-polarization and wave measurements from in situ buoys. There are a total of 150 matchup points. We used 93 matchups to tune the coefficients of the semi-empirical algorithm and the rest 57 matchups for validation. The comparison shows a 0.69 m root mean square error (RMSE) of Hs with a 18.6% of scatter index (SI) and 1.98 s RMSE of Tmw with a 24.8% of SI. Results indicate that the algorithm is suitable for wave parameters retrieval from Sentinel-1 SAR data. View Full-Text
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Shao, W.; Zhang, Z.; Li, X.; Li, H. Ocean Wave Parameters Retrieval from Sentinel-1 SAR Imagery. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 707.
Shao W, Zhang Z, Li X, Li H. Ocean Wave Parameters Retrieval from Sentinel-1 SAR Imagery. Remote Sensing. 2016; 8(9):707.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shao, Weizeng; Zhang, Zheng; Li, Xiaofeng; Li, Huan. 2016. "Ocean Wave Parameters Retrieval from Sentinel-1 SAR Imagery." Remote Sens. 8, no. 9: 707.
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