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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(8), 684; doi:10.3390/rs8080684

Best Accuracy Land Use/Land Cover (LULC) Classification to Derive Crop Types Using Multitemporal, Multisensor, and Multi-Polarization SAR Satellite Images

1
Institute of Geography, University of Cologne, Albertus-Magnus-Platz, 50923 Cologne, Germany
2
Airbus Defence and Space, 88039 Friedrichshafen, Germany
3
Department of Plant Nutrition, China Agricultural University, Yuanmingyuan West Road No. 2, 100193 Beijing, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Heiko Balzter, James Campbell, Clement Atzberger and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 15 March 2016 / Revised: 6 July 2016 / Accepted: 13 August 2016 / Published: 20 August 2016
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Abstract

When using microwave remote sensing for land use/land cover (LULC) classifications, there are a wide variety of imaging parameters to choose from, such as wavelength, imaging mode, incidence angle, spatial resolution, and coverage. There is still a need for further study of the combination, comparison, and quantification of the potential of multiple diverse radar images for LULC classifications. Our study site, the Qixing farm in Heilongjiang province, China, is especially suitable to demonstrate this. As in most rice growing regions, there is a high cloud cover during the growing season, making LULC from optical images unreliable. From the study year 2009, we obtained nine TerraSAR-X, two Radarsat-2, one Envisat-ASAR, and an optical FORMOSAT-2 image, which is mainly used for comparison, but also for a combination. To evaluate the potential of the input images and derive LULC with the highest possible precision, two classifiers were used: the well-established Maximum Likelihood classifier, which was optimized to find those input bands, yielding the highest precision, and the random forest classifier. The resulting highly accurate LULC-maps for the whole farm with a spatial resolution as high as 8 m demonstrate the beneficial use of a combination of x- and c-band microwave data, the potential of multitemporal very high resolution multi-polarization TerraSAR-X data, and the profitable integration and comparison of microwave and optical remote sensing images for LULC classifications. View Full-Text
Keywords: land use classification; polarimetric SAR; TerraSAR-x; Radarsat-2; Envisat; FORMOSAT-2; radar; multi-sensor; rice; crop classification land use classification; polarimetric SAR; TerraSAR-x; Radarsat-2; Envisat; FORMOSAT-2; radar; multi-sensor; rice; crop classification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hütt, C.; Koppe, W.; Miao, Y.; Bareth, G. Best Accuracy Land Use/Land Cover (LULC) Classification to Derive Crop Types Using Multitemporal, Multisensor, and Multi-Polarization SAR Satellite Images. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 684.

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