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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(7), 550; doi:10.3390/rs8070550

A Multi-Data Source and Multi-Sensor Approach for the 3D Reconstruction and Web Visualization of a Complex Archaelogical Site: The Case Study of “Tolmo De Minateda”

1
Department of Cartographic and Land Engineering, High School of Ávila, University of Salamanca, 37008 Salamanca, Spain
2
Dipartimento di Storia, Scienze dell’ Uomo e della Formazione, Università degli Studi di Sassari, 07100 Sassari, Italy
3
Regional Development Institute-IDR, University of Castilla-La Mancha, Albacete 02071, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Fabio Remondino, Soe Myint and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 9 May 2016 / Revised: 6 June 2016 / Accepted: 24 June 2016 / Published: 29 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7801 KB, uploaded 29 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

The complexity of archaeological sites hinders creation of an integral model using the current Geomatic techniques (i.e., aerial, close-range photogrammetry and terrestrial laser scanner) individually. A multi-sensor approach is therefore proposed as the optimal solution to provide a 3D reconstruction and visualization of these complex sites. Sensor registration represents a riveting milestone when automation is required and when aerial and terrestrial datasets must be integrated. To this end, several problems must be solved: coordinate system definition, geo-referencing, co-registration of point clouds, geometric and radiometric homogeneity, etc. The proposed multi-data source and multi-sensor approach is applied to the study case of the “Tolmo de Minateda” archaeological site. A total extension of 9 ha is reconstructed, with an adapted level of detail, by an ultralight aerial platform (paratrike), an unmanned aerial vehicle, a terrestrial laser scanner and terrestrial photogrammetry. Finally, a mobile device (e.g., tablet or smartphone) has been used to integrate, optimize and visualize all this information, providing added value to archaeologists and heritage managers who want to use an efficient tool for their works at the site, and even for non-expert users who just want to know more about the archaeological settlement. View Full-Text
Keywords: 3D reconstruction; web visualization; multi-sensor; multi-data; aerial photogrammetry; laser scanning; computer vision; archaeology 3D reconstruction; web visualization; multi-sensor; multi-data; aerial photogrammetry; laser scanning; computer vision; archaeology
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Torres-Martínez, J.A.; Seddaiu, M.; Rodríguez-Gonzálvez, P.; Hernández-López, D.; González-Aguilera, D. A Multi-Data Source and Multi-Sensor Approach for the 3D Reconstruction and Web Visualization of a Complex Archaelogical Site: The Case Study of “Tolmo De Minateda”. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 550.

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