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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(6), 507; doi:10.3390/rs8060507

Transformation Model with Constraints for High-Accuracy of 2D-3D Building Registration in Aerial Imagery

1
Guangxi Key Laboratory for Geospatial Informatics, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin 541004, China
2
The Center for Remote Sensing, Tianjin University, No. 92, Weijin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin 300072, China
3
Chinese Academy of Surveying and Mapping, 28 Lianhuachi West Road, Beijing 100830, China
4
School of Precision Instrument and Opto-Electronics Engineering, Tianjin University, No. 92, Weijin Road, Nankai District, Tianjin 300072, China
5
Department of Modeling, Simulation, and Visualization Engineering, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Devrim Akca, Soe Myint and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 27 January 2016 / Revised: 28 April 2016 / Accepted: 26 May 2016 / Published: 16 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [12992 KB, uploaded 16 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

This paper proposes a novel rigorous transformation model for 2D-3D registration to address the difficult problem of obtaining a sufficient number of well-distributed ground control points (GCPs) in urban areas with tall buildings. The proposed model applies two types of geometric constraints, co-planarity and perpendicularity, to the conventional photogrammetric collinearity model. Both types of geometric information are directly obtained from geometric building structures, with which the geometric constraints are automatically created and combined into the conventional transformation model. A test field located in downtown Denver, Colorado, is used to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of the proposed method. The comparison analysis of the accuracy achieved by the proposed method and the conventional method is conducted. Experimental results demonstrated that: (1) the theoretical accuracy of the solved registration parameters can reach 0.47 pixels, whereas the other methods reach only 1.23 and 1.09 pixels; (2) the RMS values of 2D-3D registration achieved by the proposed model are only two pixels along the x and y directions, much smaller than the RMS values of the conventional model, which are approximately 10 pixels along the x and y directions. These results demonstrate that the proposed method is able to significantly improve the accuracy of 2D-3D registration with much fewer GCPs in urban areas with tall buildings. View Full-Text
Keywords: 2D-3D registration; transformation model; building; aerial image; urban 2D-3D registration; transformation model; building; aerial image; urban
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Zhou, G.; Luo, Q.; Xie, W.; Yue, T.; Huang, J.; Shen, Y. Transformation Model with Constraints for High-Accuracy of 2D-3D Building Registration in Aerial Imagery. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 507.

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