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Remote Sens. 2016, 8(4), 308; doi:10.3390/rs8040308

Combining L- and X-Band SAR Interferometry to Assess Ground Displacements in Heterogeneous Coastal Environments: The Po River Delta and Venice Lagoon, Italy

1
Institute of Marine Sciences, National Research Council, Arsenale Tesa 104, Castello 2737/F, Venezia 30122, Italy
2
Gamma Remote Sensing, Worbstrasse 225, Gümligen 3073, Switzerland
3
Department of Civil, Environmental and Architectural Engineering, University of Padova, Via Trieste 63, Padova 35121, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Deepak R. Mishra, Richard W. Gould, Xiaofeng Li, Salvatore Stramondo and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 30 December 2015 / Revised: 26 February 2016 / Accepted: 21 March 2016 / Published: 6 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Remote Sensing in Coastal Environments)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6890 KB, uploaded 6 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

From leveling to SAR-based interferometry, the monitoring of land subsidence in coastal transitional environments significantly improved. However, the simultaneous assessment of the ground movements in these peculiar environments is still challenging. This is due to the presence of relatively small built-up zones and infrastructures, e.g., coastal infrastructures, bridges, and river embankments, within large natural or rural lands, e.g., river deltas, lagoons, and farmland. In this paper we present a multi-band SAR methodology to integrate COSMO-SkyMed and ALOS-PALSAR images. The method consists of a proper combination of the very high-resolution X-band Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI), which achieves high-density and precise measurements on single structures and constructed areas, with L-band Short-Baseline SAR Interferometry (SBAS), properly implemented to raise its effectiveness in retrieving information in vegetated and wet zones. The combined methodology is applied on the Po River Delta and Venice coastland, Northern Italy, using 16 ALOS-PALSAR and 31 COSMO-SkyMed images covering the period between 2007 and 2011. After a proper calibration of the single PSI and SBAS solution using available GPS records, the datasets have been combined at both the regional and local scales. The measured displacements range from ~0 mm/yr down to −35 mm/yr. The results reveal the variable pattern of the subsidence characterizing the more natural and rural environments without losing the accuracy in quantifying the sinking of urban areas and infrastructures. Moreover, they allow improving the interpretation of the natural and anthropogenic processes responsible for the ongoing subsidence. View Full-Text
Keywords: land subsidence; X- and L-band SAR interferometry; coastal environments; Po River Delta; Venice Lagoon land subsidence; X- and L-band SAR interferometry; coastal environments; Po River Delta; Venice Lagoon
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tosi, L.; Da Lio, C.; Strozzi, T.; Teatini, P. Combining L- and X-Band SAR Interferometry to Assess Ground Displacements in Heterogeneous Coastal Environments: The Po River Delta and Venice Lagoon, Italy. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 308.

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