Quantitative Estimation of Carbonate Rock Fraction in Karst Regions Using Field Spectra in 2.0–2.5 μm
AbstractConsidering the important roles of carbonate rock fraction in karst rocky desertification areas and their potential for indicating damage to vegetation, improved knowledge is desired to assess the application of spectroscopy and remote sensing to characterizing and quantifying the biophysical constituents of karst landscapes. In this study, we examined the spectra of major surface constituents in karst areas for direct evidence of absorption features attributable to carbonate rock fraction. Using spectral feature analysis with continuum removal, we observed that there are overlapping spectral absorption in 2.149–2.398 μm by soils and non-photosynthetic vegetation. These overlapping features complicated the carbonate absorption feature near 2.340 μm in synthetic mixed spectra. To remove the overprint signal, two hyperspectral carbonate rock indices (HCRIs) were developed. Compared to the absorption features including depths, areas, and KRDSIs (karst rocky desertification synthesis indices), linear regression of HCRIs with carbonate rock fraction in linear synthetic mixtures resulted in higher correlations and lower errors. This study demonstrates that spectral variation of the surface constituents spectra in 2.270–2.398 μm region can indicate carbonate rock fraction and be used to quantify them. Still, additional research is needed to advance our understanding of the spectral influences from carbonate petrography relative to carbonate mineralogy, components and physical state of rock surface. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Xie, X.; Tian, S.; Du, P.; Zhan, W.; Samat, A.; Chen, J. Quantitative Estimation of Carbonate Rock Fraction in Karst Regions Using Field Spectra in 2.0–2.5 μm. Remote Sens. 2016, 8, 68.
Xie X, Tian S, Du P, Zhan W, Samat A, Chen J. Quantitative Estimation of Carbonate Rock Fraction in Karst Regions Using Field Spectra in 2.0–2.5 μm. Remote Sensing. 2016; 8(1):68.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xie, Xiangjian; Tian, Shufang; Du, Peijun; Zhan, Wenfeng; Samat, Alim; Chen, Jike. 2016. "Quantitative Estimation of Carbonate Rock Fraction in Karst Regions Using Field Spectra in 2.0–2.5 μm." Remote Sens. 8, no. 1: 68.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.