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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(2), 2208-2237; doi:10.3390/rs70202208

Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) Radiometric Performance On-Orbit

Stinger Ghaffarian Technologies Contractor to U.S. Geological Survey Earth Resources Observation and Science Center, 47914 252nd St, Sioux Falls, SD 57198, USA
Science Systems and Applications, Inc., NASA/GSFC Code 618, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
NASA/GSFC Code 618, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: James Storey, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 13 August 2014 / Revised: 15 January 2015 / Accepted: 21 January 2015 / Published: 17 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landsat-8 Sensor Characterization and Calibration)


Expectations of the Operational Land Imager (OLI) radiometric performance onboard Landsat-8 have been met or exceeded. The calibration activities that occurred prior to launch provided calibration parameters that enabled ground processing to produce imagery that met most requirements when data were transmitted to the ground. Since launch, calibration updates have improved the image quality even more, so that all requirements are met. These updates range from detector gain coefficients to reduce striping and banding to alignment parameters to improve the geometric accuracy. This paper concentrates on the on-orbit radiometric performance of the OLI, excepting the radiometric calibration performance. Topics discussed in this paper include: signal-to-noise ratios that are an order of magnitude higher than previous Landsat missions; radiometric uniformity that shows little residual banding and striping, and continues to improve; a dynamic range that limits saturation to extremely high radiance levels; extremely stable detectors; slight nonlinearity that is corrected in ground processing; detectors that are stable and 100% operable; and few image artifacts. View Full-Text
Keywords: Landsat-8; LDCM; OLI; radiometry; uniformity; noise; stability; linearity; artifacts Landsat-8; LDCM; OLI; radiometry; uniformity; noise; stability; linearity; artifacts

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Morfitt, R.; Barsi, J.; Levy, R.; Markham, B.; Micijevic, E.; Ong, L.; Scaramuzza, P.; Vanderwerff, K. Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) Radiometric Performance On-Orbit. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 2208-2237.

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