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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(12), 17297-17311; doi:10.3390/rs71215883

Toward High Altitude Airship Ground-Based Boresight Calibration of Hyperspectral Pushbroom Imaging Sensors

1
Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of 3D Information Acquisition and Application, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China
2
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gonzalo Pajares Martinsanz, Richard Müller and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 28 July 2015 / Revised: 1 December 2015 / Accepted: 7 December 2015 / Published: 19 December 2015
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Abstract

The complexity of the single linear hyperspectral pushbroom imaging based on a high altitude airship (HAA) without a three-axis stabilized platform is much more than that based on the spaceborne and airborne. Due to the effects of air pressure, temperature and airflow, the large pitch and roll angles tend to appear frequently that create pushbroom images highly characterized with severe geometric distortions. Thus, the in-flight calibration procedure is not appropriate to apply to the single linear pushbroom sensors on HAA having no three-axis stabilized platform. In order to address this problem, a new ground-based boresight calibration method is proposed. Firstly, a coordinate’s transformation model is developed for direct georeferencing (DG) of the linear imaging sensor, and then the linear error equation is derived from it by using the Taylor expansion formula. Secondly, the boresight misalignments are worked out by using iterative least squares method with few ground control points (GCPs) and ground-based side-scanning experiments. The proposed method is demonstrated by three sets of experiments: (i) the stability and reliability of the method is verified through simulation-based experiments; (ii) the boresight calibration is performed using ground-based experiments; and (iii) the validation is done by applying on the orthorectification of the real hyperspectral pushbroom images from a HAA Earth observation payload system developed by our research team—“LanTianHao”. The test results show that the proposed boresight calibration approach significantly improves the quality of georeferencing by reducing the geometric distortions caused by boresight misalignments to the minimum level. View Full-Text
Keywords: pushbroom imaging; boresight calibration; direct georeferencing; orthorectification; high altitude airship pushbroom imaging; boresight calibration; direct georeferencing; orthorectification; high altitude airship
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, A.; Hu, S.; Meng, X.; Yang, L.; Li, H. Toward High Altitude Airship Ground-Based Boresight Calibration of Hyperspectral Pushbroom Imaging Sensors. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 17297-17311.

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