Object-Based Urban Tree Species Classification Using Bi-Temporal WorldView-2 and WorldView-3 Images
AbstractUrban tree species mapping is an important prerequisite to understanding the value of urban vegetation in ecological services. In this study, we explored the potential of bi-temporal WorldView-2 (WV2, acquired on 14 September 2012) and WorldView-3 images (WV3, acquired on 18 October 2014) for identifying five dominant urban tree species with the object-based Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Random Forest (RF) methods. Two study areas in Beijing, China, Capital Normal University (CNU) and Beijing Normal University (BNU), representing the typical urban environment, were evaluated. Three classification schemes—classification based solely on WV2; WV3; and bi-temporal WV2 and WV3 images—were examined. Our study showed that the single-date image did not produce satisfying classification results as both producer and user accuracies of tree species were relatively low (44.7%–82.5%), whereas those derived from bi-temporal images were on average 10.7% higher. In addition, the overall accuracy increased substantially (9.7%–20.2% for the CNU area and 4.7%–12% for BNU). A thorough analysis concluded that near-infrared 2, red-edge and green bands are always more important than the other bands to classification, and spectral features always contribute more than textural features. Our results also showed that the scattered distribution of trees and a more complex surrounding environment reduced classification accuracy. Comparisons between SVM and RF classifiers suggested that SVM is more effective for urban tree species classification as it outperforms RF when working with a smaller amount and imbalanced distribution of samples. View Full-Text
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Li, D.; Ke, Y.; Gong, H.; Li, X. Object-Based Urban Tree Species Classification Using Bi-Temporal WorldView-2 and WorldView-3 Images. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 16917-16937.
Li D, Ke Y, Gong H, Li X. Object-Based Urban Tree Species Classification Using Bi-Temporal WorldView-2 and WorldView-3 Images. Remote Sensing. 2015; 7(12):16917-16937.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Dan; Ke, Yinghai; Gong, Huili; Li, Xiaojuan. 2015. "Object-Based Urban Tree Species Classification Using Bi-Temporal WorldView-2 and WorldView-3 Images." Remote Sens. 7, no. 12: 16917-16937.