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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(12), 16422-16440; doi:10.3390/rs71215840

Classification of Ultra-High Resolution Orthophotos Combined with DSM Using a Dual Morphological Top Hat Profile

1
College of Electronics And Information Engineering, Sichuan University, No. 24 South Section 1, 1st Ring Road, Chengdu 610000, China
2
Singapore-ETH Centre, Future Cities Laboratory, 1 CREATE Way, #06-01 CREATE Tower, Singapore 138602, Singapore
3
School of Remote Sensing and Information Engineering, Wuhan University, No. 129 Luoyu Road, Wuhan 430079, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Janet Nichol, Zhong Lu and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 27 September 2015 / Accepted: 1 December 2015 / Published: 4 December 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [6630 KB, uploaded 4 December 2015]   |  

Abstract

New aerial sensors and platforms (e.g., unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)) are capable of providing ultra-high resolution remote sensing data (less than a 30-cm ground sampling distance (GSD)). This type of data is an important source for interpreting sub-building level objects; however, it has not yet been explored. The large-scale differences of urban objects, the high spectral variability and the large perspective effect bring difficulties to the design of descriptive features. Therefore, features representing the spatial information of the objects are essential for dealing with the spectral ambiguity. In this paper, we proposed a dual morphology top-hat profile (DMTHP) using both morphology reconstruction and erosion with different granularities. Due to the high dimensional feature space, we have proposed an adaptive scale selection procedure to reduce the feature dimension according to the training samples. The DMTHP is extracted from both images and Digital Surface Models (DSM) to obtain complimentary information. The random forest classifier is used to classify the features hierarchically. Quantitative experimental results on aerial images with 9-cm and UAV images with 5-cm GSD are performed. Under our experiments, improvements of 10% and 2% in overall accuracy are obtained in comparison with the well-known differential morphological profile (DMP) feature, and superior performance is observed over other tested features. Large format data with 20,000 × 20,000 pixels are used to perform a qualitative experiment using the proposed method, which shows its promising potential. The experiments also demonstrate that the DSM information has greatly enhanced the classification accuracy. In the best case in our experiment, it gives rise to a classification accuracy from 63.93% (spectral information only) to 94.48% (the proposed method). View Full-Text
Keywords: ultra-high resolution; land cover classification; digital surface models; morphology top-hat ultra-high resolution; land cover classification; digital surface models; morphology top-hat
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Q.; Qin, R.; Huang, X.; Fang, Y.; Liu, L. Classification of Ultra-High Resolution Orthophotos Combined with DSM Using a Dual Morphological Top Hat Profile. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 16422-16440.

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