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Remote Sens. 2015, 7(11), 15318-15339; doi:10.3390/rs71115318

Continuous Change Detection and Classification Using Hidden Markov Model: A Case Study for Monitoring Urban Encroachment onto Farmland in Beijing

1
Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
3
Electronics and Informatics Department, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, BE-1050 Brussels, Belgium
4
Interuniveristy Microelectronics Center, Kapeldreef 75, BE-3001 Leuven, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giles M. Foody, Parth Sarathi Roy and Prasad S. Thenkabail
Received: 27 August 2015 / Revised: 29 October 2015 / Accepted: 5 November 2015 / Published: 13 November 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3443 KB, uploaded 16 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel method to continuously monitor land cover change using satellite image time series, which can extract comprehensive change information including change time, location, and “from-to” information. This method is based on a hidden Markov model (HMM) trained for each land cover class. Assuming a pixel’s initial class has been obtained, likelihoods of the corresponding model are calculated on incoming time series extracted with a temporal sliding window. By observing the likelihood change over the windows, land cover change can be precisely detected from the dramatic drop of likelihood. The established HMMs are then used for identifying the land cover class after the change. As a case study, the proposed method is applied to monitoring urban encroachment onto farmland in Beijing using 10-year MODIS time series from 2001 to 2010. The performance is evaluated on a validation set for different model structures and thresholds. Compared with other change detection methods, the proposed method shows superior change detection accuracy. In addition, it is also more computationally efficient. View Full-Text
Keywords: classification; change detection; hidden semi-Markov model (HSMM); satellite image time series; urban encroachment onto farmland classification; change detection; hidden semi-Markov model (HSMM); satellite image time series; urban encroachment onto farmland
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yuan, Y.; Meng, Y.; Lin, L.; Sahli, H.; Yue, A.; Chen, J.; Zhao, Z.; Kong, Y.; He, D. Continuous Change Detection and Classification Using Hidden Markov Model: A Case Study for Monitoring Urban Encroachment onto Farmland in Beijing. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 15318-15339.

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