The Utility of AISA Eagle Hyperspectral Data and Random Forest Classifier for Flower Mapping
AbstractKnowledge of the floral cycle and the spatial distribution and abundance of flowering plants is important for bee health studies to understand the relationship between landscape and bee hive productivity and honey flow. The key objective of this study was to show how AISA Eagle hyperspectral data and random forest (RF) can be optimally utilized to produce flowering and spatially explicit land use/land cover (LULC) maps for a study site in Kenya. AISA Eagle imagery was captured at the early flowering period (January 2014) and at the peak flowering season (February 2013). Data on white and yellow flowering trees as well as LULC classes in the study area were collected and used as ground-truth points. We utilized all 64 AISA Eagle bands and also used variable importance in RF to identify the most important bands in both AISA Eagle data sets. The results showed that flowering was most accurately mapped using the AISA Eagle data from the peak flowering period (85.71%–88.15% overall accuracy for the peak flowering season imagery versus 80.82%–83.67% for the early flowering season). The variable optimization (i.e., variable selection) analysis showed that less than half of the AISA bands (n = 26 for the February 2013 data and n = 21 for the January 2014 data) were important to attain relatively reliable classification accuracies. Our study is an important first step towards the development of operational flower mapping routines and for understanding the relationship between flowering and bees’ foraging behavior. View Full-Text
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Abdel-Rahman, E.M.; Makori, D.M.; Landmann, T.; Piiroinen, R.; Gasim, S.; Pellikka, P.; Raina, S.K. The Utility of AISA Eagle Hyperspectral Data and Random Forest Classifier for Flower Mapping. Remote Sens. 2015, 7, 13298-13318.
Abdel-Rahman EM, Makori DM, Landmann T, Piiroinen R, Gasim S, Pellikka P, Raina SK. The Utility of AISA Eagle Hyperspectral Data and Random Forest Classifier for Flower Mapping. Remote Sensing. 2015; 7(10):13298-13318.Chicago/Turabian Style
Abdel-Rahman, Elfatih M.; Makori, David M.; Landmann, Tobias; Piiroinen, Rami; Gasim, Seif; Pellikka, Petri; Raina, Suresh K. 2015. "The Utility of AISA Eagle Hyperspectral Data and Random Forest Classifier for Flower Mapping." Remote Sens. 7, no. 10: 13298-13318.