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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(6), 4705-4722; doi:10.3390/rs6064705

Improving Estimates of Grassland Fractional Vegetation Cover Based on a Pixel Dichotomy Model: A Case Study in Inner Mongolia, China

1
Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Olympic Village Science Park, W. Beichen Road, Beijing 100101, China
2
School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 February 2014 / Revised: 9 May 2014 / Accepted: 14 May 2014 / Published: 26 May 2014
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Abstract

Linear spectral mixture analysis (SMA) is commonly used to infer fractional vegetation cover (FVC), especially for pixel dichotomy models. However, several sources of uncertainty including normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) saturation and selection of endmembers inhibit the effectiveness of SMA for the estimation of FVC. In this study, Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Landsat 8/Operational Land Imager (OLI) remote sensing data for the early growing season and in situ measurement of spectral reflectance are used to determine the value of endmembers including VIsoil and VIveg, with equally weighted RVI and NDVI measures used in combination to minimize the inherent biases in pure NDVI-based FVC. Their ability to improve estimates of grassland FVC is analyzed at different resolutions. These are shown to improve FVC estimates over NDVI-based SMA models using fixed values for the endmembers. Grassland FVC changes for Inner Mongolia, China from 2000 to 2013 are then monitored using the MODIS data. The results show that changes in most grassland areas are not significant, but in parts of Hulunbeier, south Tongliao, middle Xilin Gol and Erdos, grassland FVC has increased significantly. View Full-Text
Keywords: grassland; fractional vegetation cover; pixel dichotomy model; Inner Mongolia; MODIS; Landsat 8 grassland; fractional vegetation cover; pixel dichotomy model; Inner Mongolia; MODIS; Landsat 8
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Li, F.; Chen, W.; Zeng, Y.; Zhao, Q.; Wu, B. Improving Estimates of Grassland Fractional Vegetation Cover Based on a Pixel Dichotomy Model: A Case Study in Inner Mongolia, China. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 4705-4722.

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