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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(12), 12527-12543; doi:10.3390/rs61212527

Investigating the Temporal and Spatial Variability of Total Ozone Column in the Yangtze River Delta Using Satellite Data: 1978–2013

1
Key Laboratory of Geographic Information Science, Ministry of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
2
Department of Environmental Science, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou 215123, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 September 2014 / Revised: 24 November 2014 / Accepted: 5 December 2014 / Published: 12 December 2014
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Abstract

The objective of this work is to analyze the temporal and spatial variability of the total ozone column (TOC) trends over the Yangtze River Delta, the most populated region in China, during the last 35 years (1978–2013) using remote sensing-derived TOC data. Due to the lack of continuous and well-covered ground-based TOC measurements, little is known about the Yangtze River Delta. TOC data derived from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) for the period 1978–2005 and Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) for the period 2004–2013 were used in this study. The spatial, long-term, seasonal, and short-term variations of TOC in this region were analyzed. For the spatial variability, the latitudinal variability has a large range between 3% and 13%, and also represents an annual cycle with maximum in February and minimum in August. In contrast, the longitudinal variability is not significant and just varies between 2% and 4%. The long-term variability represented a notable decline for the period 1978–2013. The ozone depletion was observed significantly during 1978–1999, with linear trend from (−3.2 ± 0.7) DU/decade to (−10.5 ± 0.9) DU/decade. As for seasonal variability, the trend of TOC shows a distinct seasonal pattern, with maximum in April or May and minimum in October or November. The short-term analysis demonstrates the day-to-day changes as well as the six-week system persistence of the TOC. The results can provide comprehensive descriptions of the TOC variations in the Yangtze River Delta and benefit climate change research in this region. View Full-Text
Keywords: total ozone column; spatio-temporal variability; TOMS; OMI; Yangtze River Delta total ozone column; spatio-temporal variability; TOMS; OMI; Yangtze River Delta
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, L.; Yu, B.; Chen, Z.; Li, B.; Wu, J. Investigating the Temporal and Spatial Variability of Total Ozone Column in the Yangtze River Delta Using Satellite Data: 1978–2013. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 12527-12543.

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