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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(12), 12217-12233; doi:10.3390/rs61212217

Error Analysis on ESA’s Envisat ASAR Wave Mode Significant Wave Height Retrievals Using Triple Collocation Model

1,2,3,†,* , 1
and
2
1
National Ocean Technology Center, State Oceanic Administration, Tianjin 300112, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Satellite Ocean Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou 310012, China
3
Laboratoire d'Océanographie Spatiale, Institut Français de Recherche pour l'Exploitation de la Mer, Brest 29280, France
This paper was first presented in the 35th International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment. Wang, H.; Shi, C.-Y.; Zhu, J.-H.; Huang, X.-Q.; Chen, C.-T. Validation of significant wave height product from Envisat ASAR using triple collocation. IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci. 2014, 17, doi:10.1088/1755-1315/17/1/012279.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 July 2014 / Revised: 20 November 2014 / Accepted: 28 November 2014 / Published: 8 December 2014
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Abstract

Nowadays, spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) has become a powerful tool for providing significant wave height (SWH). Traditionally, validation of SAR derived SWH has been carried out against buoy measurements or model outputs, which only yield an inter-comparison, but not an “absolute” validation. In this study, the triple collocation error model has been introduced in the validation of Envisat ASAR derived SWH products. SWH retrievals from ASAR wave mode using ESA’s algorithm are validated against in situ buoy data, and wave model hindcast results from WaveWatch III wave model, covering a period of six years. From the triple collocation validation analysis, the impacts of the collocation distance and water depth on the error of ASAR SWH are discussed. It is found that the error of Envisat ASAR SWH product is linear to the collocation distance, and decrease with the decreasing collocation distance. Using the linear regression fit method, the absolute error of Envisat ASAR SWH was obtained with zero collocation distance. The absolute Envisat ASAR wave height error of 0.49 m is presented in deep and open ocean from this triple collocation validation work, in contrast to a larger error of 0.56 m in coastal and shallow waters. One of the reasons for the larger Envisat ASAR SWH errors in the coastal waters may be the inaccurate Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) adopted in the Envisat ASAR wave retrieval algorithm. View Full-Text
Keywords: Envisat ASAR; significant wave height; validation; triple collocation Envisat ASAR; significant wave height; validation; triple collocation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, H.; Zhu, J.; Yang, J. Error Analysis on ESA’s Envisat ASAR Wave Mode Significant Wave Height Retrievals Using Triple Collocation Model. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 12217-12233.

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