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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(11), 11107-11126; doi:10.3390/rs61111107

The Integration of Geotechnologies in the Evaluation of a Wine Cellar Structure through the Finite Element Method

1
Department of Land and Cartographic Engineering, High Polytechnic School of Avila, University of Salamanca, Hornos Caleros, 50, 05003 Avila, Spain
2
Department of Material Engineering, Applied Mechanics and Construction, School of Industrial Engineering, University of Vigo, Rúa Maxwell s/n, Campus Lagoas Marcosende, 36310 Vigo, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 June 2014 / Revised: 29 October 2014 / Accepted: 30 October 2014 / Published: 11 November 2014
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Abstract

This paper presents a multidisciplinary methodology to evaluate an underground wine cellar structure using non-invasive techniques. In particular, a historical subterranean wine cellar that presents a complex structure and whose physical properties are unknown is recorded and analyzed using geomatics and geophysics synergies. To this end, an approach that integrates terrestrial laser scanning and ground penetrating radar is used to properly define a finite element-based structural model, which is then used as a decision tool to plan architectural restoration actions. The combination of both techniques implies the registration of external and internal information that eases the construction of structural models. Structural simulation for both stresses and deformations through FEM allowed identifying critical structural elements under great stress or excessive deformations. In this investigation, the ultimate limit state of cracking was considered to determine allowable loads due to the brittle nature of the material. This allowed us to set limit values of loading on the cellar structure in order to minimize possible damage. View Full-Text
Keywords: masonry structure; terrestrial laser scanning; ground penetrating radar; sensor registration; finite element method masonry structure; terrestrial laser scanning; ground penetrating radar; sensor registration; finite element method
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Villarino, A.; Riveiro, B.; Gonzalez-Aguilera, D.; Sánchez-Aparicio, L.J. The Integration of Geotechnologies in the Evaluation of a Wine Cellar Structure through the Finite Element Method. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 11107-11126.

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