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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(11), 11031-11050; doi:10.3390/rs61111031

Surface Daytime Net Radiation Estimation Using Artificial Neural Networks

1
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, and College of Global Change and Earth System Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
2
Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
3
State Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing Science, and School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 July 2014 / Revised: 8 October 2014 / Accepted: 13 October 2014 / Published: 11 November 2014
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Abstract

Net all-wave surface radiation (Rn) is one of the most important fundamental parameters in various applications. However, conventional Rn measurements are difficult to collect because of the high cost and ongoing maintenance of recording instruments. Therefore, various empirical Rn estimation models have been developed. This study presents the results of two artificial neural network (ANN) models (general regression neural networks (GRNN) and Neuroet) to estimate Rn globally from multi-source data, including remotely sensed products, surface measurements, and meteorological reanalysis products. Rn estimates provided by the two ANNs were tested against in-situ radiation measurements obtained from 251 global sites between 1991–2010 both in global mode (all data were used to fit the models) and in conditional mode (the data were divided into four subsets and the models were fitted separately). Based on the results obtained from extensive experiments, it has been proved that the two ANNs were superior to linear-based empirical models in both global and conditional modes and that the GRNN performed better and was more stable than Neuroet. The GRNN estimates had a determination coefficient (R2) of 0.92, a root mean square error (RMSE) of 34.27 W∙m−2, and a bias of −0.61 W∙m−2 in global mode based on the validation dataset. This study concluded that ANN methods are a potentially powerful tool for global Rn estimation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Net radiation; Artificial Neural Network; modeling; remotely sensed products Net radiation; Artificial Neural Network; modeling; remotely sensed products
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, B.; Zhang, Y.; Liang, S.; Zhang, X.; Xiao, Z. Surface Daytime Net Radiation Estimation Using Artificial Neural Networks. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 11031-11050.

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