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Remote Sens. 2014, 6(10), 9691-9711; doi:10.3390/rs6109691

Supporting Urban Energy Efficiency with Volunteered Roof Information and the Google Maps API

Foothills Facility for Remote Sensing and GIScience, Department of Geography, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
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Received: 4 July 2014 / Revised: 29 August 2014 / Accepted: 29 September 2014 / Published: 13 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Geographic Object-Based Image Analysis (GEOBIA))
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Abstract

The Heat Energy Assessment Technologies (HEAT) project uses high-resolution airborne thermal imagery, Geographic Object-Based Image Analysis (GEOBIA), and a Geoweb environment to allow the residents of Calgary, Alberta, Canada to visualize the amount and location of waste heat leaving their houses, communities, and the city. To ensure the accuracy of these measures, the correct emissivity of roof materials needs to be known. However, roof material information is not readily available in the Canadian public domain. To overcome this challenge, a unique Volunteered Geographic Information (VGI) application was developed using Google Street View that engages citizens to classify the roof materials of single dwelling residences in a simple and intuitive manner. Since data credibility, quality, and accuracy are major concerns when using VGI, a private Multiple Listing Services (MLS) dataset was used for cross-verification. From May–November 2013, 1244 volunteers from 85 cities and 14 countries classified 1815 roofs in the study area. Results show (I) a 72% match between the VGI and MLS data; and (II) in the majority of cases, roofs with greater than, or equal to five contributions have the same material defined in both datasets. Additionally, this research meets new challenges to the GEOBIA community to incorporate existing GIS vector data within an object-based workflow and engages the public to provide volunteered information for urban objects from which new geo-intelligence is created in support of urban energy efficiency. View Full-Text
Keywords: emissivity; GEOBIA; geo-information; Geoweb; Google Maps API; HEAT Score; thermal imaging; urban energy efficiency; VGI; waste heat emissivity; GEOBIA; geo-information; Geoweb; Google Maps API; HEAT Score; thermal imaging; urban energy efficiency; VGI; waste heat
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdulkarim, B.; Kamberov, R.; Hay, G.J. Supporting Urban Energy Efficiency with Volunteered Roof Information and the Google Maps API. Remote Sens. 2014, 6, 9691-9711.

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