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Remote Sens. 2013, 5(7), 3172-3189; doi:10.3390/rs5073172
Article

Comparison of Typhoon Locations over Ocean Surface Observed by Various Satellite Sensors

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Received: 5 May 2013; in revised form: 13 June 2013 / Accepted: 13 June 2013 / Published: 28 June 2013
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Abstract: In this study, typhoon eyes have been delineated using wavelet analysis from the synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images of ocean surface roughness and from the warm area at the cloud top in the infrared (IR) images, respectively. Envisat SAR imagery, and multi-functional transport satellite (MTSAT) and Feng Yun (FY)-2 Chinese meteorological satellite IR imagery were used to examine the typhoons in the western North Pacific from 2005 to 2011. Three cases of various typhoons in different years, locations, and conditions have been used to compare the typhoon eyes derived from SAR (on the ocean surface) with IR (at the cloud-top level) images. Furthermore, the best track data from the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC), Chinese Meteorological Administration (CMA), and the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) are checked for the calibration. Because of the vertical wind shear, which acts as an upright tilt, the location of the typhoon eye on the ocean surface differs from that at the top of the clouds. Consequently, the large horizontal distance between typhoon eyes on the ocean surface and on the cloud top implies that the associated vertical wind shear profile is considerably more complex than generally expected. This result demonstrates that SAR can be a useful tool for typhoon monitoring study over the ocean surface.
Keywords: typhoon eye; synthetic aperture radar; infrared images; wavelet transform; wind shear typhoon eye; synthetic aperture radar; infrared images; wavelet transform; wind shear
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, Y.; Liu, A.K.; He, S.; Yang, J.; He, M.-X. Comparison of Typhoon Locations over Ocean Surface Observed by Various Satellite Sensors. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 3172-3189.

AMA Style

Pan Y, Liu AK, He S, Yang J, He M-X. Comparison of Typhoon Locations over Ocean Surface Observed by Various Satellite Sensors. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(7):3172-3189.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pan, Yufang; Liu, Antony K.; He, Shuangyan; Yang, Jingsong; He, Ming-Xia. 2013. "Comparison of Typhoon Locations over Ocean Surface Observed by Various Satellite Sensors." Remote Sens. 5, no. 7: 3172-3189.


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