Remote Sens. 2013, 5(6), 2943-2972; doi:10.3390/rs5062943
Article

Satellite-Based Sunshine Duration for Europe

1 Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, Goethe-University Frankfurt, Altenhöferallee 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany 2 Met Office Hadley Centre, FitzRoy Road, Exeter, Devon EX1 3PB, UK 3 Deutscher Wetterdienst, Frankfurter Str. 135, Offenbach D-60387, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 April 2013; in revised form: 30 May 2013 / Accepted: 3 June 2013 / Published: 7 June 2013
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [3433 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 17 June 2013 14:48 CEST]
The original version is still available [3344 KB, uploaded 7 June 2013 09:56 CEST]
Abstract: In this study, two different methods were applied to derive daily and monthly sunshine duration based on high-resolution satellite products provided by the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring using data from Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager). The satellite products were either hourly cloud type or hourly surface incoming direct radiation. The satellite sunshine duration estimates were not found to be significantly different using the native 15-minute temporal resolution of SEVIRI. The satellite-based sunshine duration products give additional spatial information over the European continent compared with equivalent in situ-based products. An evaluation of the satellite sunshine duration by product intercomparison and against station measurements was carried out to determine their accuracy. The satellite data were found to be within ±1 h/day compared to high-quality Baseline Surface Radiation Network or surface synoptic observations (SYNOP) station measurements. The satellite-based products differ more over the oceans than over land, mainly because of the treatment of fractional clouds in the cloud type-based sunshine duration product. This paper presents the methods used to derive the satellite sunshine duration products and the performance of the different retrievals. The main benefits and disadvantages compared to station-based products are also discussed.
Keywords: sunshine duration; Meteosat Second Generation; evaluation; CM SAF; cloud type; surface incoming direct radiation; climate monitoring

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kothe, S.; Good, E.; Obregón, A.; Ahrens, B.; Nitsche, H. Satellite-Based Sunshine Duration for Europe. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 2943-2972.

AMA Style

Kothe S, Good E, Obregón A, Ahrens B, Nitsche H. Satellite-Based Sunshine Duration for Europe. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(6):2943-2972.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kothe, Steffen; Good, Elizabeth; Obregón, André; Ahrens, Bodo; Nitsche, Helga. 2013. "Satellite-Based Sunshine Duration for Europe." Remote Sens. 5, no. 6: 2943-2972.

Remote Sens. EISSN 2072-4292 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert