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Remote Sens. 2013, 5(4), 1681-1703; doi:10.3390/rs5041681
Article

Building Reconstruction Using DSM and Orthorectified Images

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Received: 2 February 2013; in revised form: 15 March 2013 / Accepted: 16 March 2013 / Published: 2 April 2013
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Abstract: High resolution Digital Surface Models (DSMs) produced from airborne laser-scanning or stereo satellite images provide a very useful source of information for automated 3D building reconstruction. In this paper an investigation is reported about extraction of 3D building models from high resolution DSMs and orthorectified images produced from Worldview-2 stereo satellite imagery. The focus is on the generation of 3D models of parametric building roofs, which is the basis for creating Level Of Detail 2 (LOD2) according to the CityGML standard. In particular the building blocks containing several connected buildings with tilted roofs are investigated and the potentials and limitations of the modeling approach are discussed. The edge information extracted from orthorectified image has been employed as additional source of information in 3D reconstruction algorithm. A model driven approach based on the analysis of the 3D points of DSMs in a 2D projection plane is proposed. Accordingly, a building block is divided into smaller parts according to the direction and number of existing ridge lines for parametric building reconstruction. The 3D model is derived for each building part, and finally, a complete parametric model is formed by merging the 3D models of the individual building parts and adjusting the nodes after the merging step. For the remaining building parts that do not contain ridge lines, a prismatic model using polygon approximation of the corresponding boundary pixels is derived and merged to the parametric models to shape the final model of the building. A qualitative and quantitative assessment of the proposed method for the automatic reconstruction of buildings with parametric roofs is then provided by comparing the final model with the existing surface model as well as some field measurements.
Keywords: digital surface models; worldview; orthorectified; ridge line; projection; approximation digital surface models; worldview; orthorectified; ridge line; projection; approximation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Arefi, H.; Reinartz, P. Building Reconstruction Using DSM and Orthorectified Images. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 1681-1703.

AMA Style

Arefi H, Reinartz P. Building Reconstruction Using DSM and Orthorectified Images. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(4):1681-1703.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arefi, Hossein; Reinartz, Peter. 2013. "Building Reconstruction Using DSM and Orthorectified Images." Remote Sens. 5, no. 4: 1681-1703.


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