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Videographic Analysis of Eriophorum Vaginatum Spatial Coverage in an Ombotrophic Bog
Department of Geography, McGill University, 805 Sherbrooke West, Montreal, QC H3A 2K6, Canada
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 October 2013; in revised form: 22 November 2013 / Accepted: 28 November 2013 / Published: 2 December 2013
Abstract: The use of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) as well as newer automated unmanned aerial vehicles is becoming a standard method in remote sensing studies requiring high spatial resolution (<1 m) and very precise temporal data to capture phenological events. In this study we use a low cost rotorcraft to map Eriophorum vaginatum at Mer Bleue, an ombrotrophic bog located east of Ottawa, ON, Canada. We focus on E. vaginatum because this sedge plays an important role in methane (CH4) gas exchange in peatlands. Using the remote controlled rotorcraft we were able to record, process, and mosaic 11.1 hectares of 4.5 cm spatial resolution imagery extracted from individual frames of video recordings (post georegistration RMSE 4.90 ± 4.95 cm). Our results, based on a supervised classification (96% accuracy) of the red, green, blue image planes, indicate a total tussock cover of 2,417 m2. Because the basal area of the plant is more relevant for calculating its contribution to the CH4 flux, the tussock area was related to the basal area from field data (R2 = 0.88, p < 0.0001). Our final results indicate a total basal area of 1,786 ± 62.8 m2. Based on temporal measurements of CH4 flux from the peatland as a whole that vary over the growing season, we estimate the E. vaginatum contribution to range from 3.0% to 17.3% of that total. Overall, our low cost approach was an effective non-destructive way to derive E. vaginatum coverage and estimate CH4 exchange over the growing season.
Keywords: peatland; Eriophorum vaginatum; cotton grass; classification; UAV; rotorcraft; videography; RPAS
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Kalacska, M.; Arroyo-Mora, J.P.; de Gea, J.; Snirer, E.; Herzog, C.; Moore, T.R. Videographic Analysis of Eriophorum Vaginatum Spatial Coverage in an Ombotrophic Bog. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 6501-6512.
Kalacska M, Arroyo-Mora JP, de Gea J, Snirer E, Herzog C, Moore TR. Videographic Analysis of Eriophorum Vaginatum Spatial Coverage in an Ombotrophic Bog. Remote Sensing. 2013; 5(12):6501-6512.
Kalacska, Margaret; Arroyo-Mora, J. P.; de Gea, Julie; Snirer, Eva; Herzog, Carrie; Moore, Tim R. 2013. "Videographic Analysis of Eriophorum Vaginatum Spatial Coverage in an Ombotrophic Bog." Remote Sens. 5, no. 12: 6501-6512.